Varieties of pears, as is known, are divided into winter, autumn and summer. Each category differs not only in terms of ripening, taste, but also in terms of fruit storage.. So, what varieties can be attributed to the winter, and which ripen in summer, see the description below.
Summer pear varieties
August dewPear Augustus dew
The undoubted favorite among the summer pear varieties is the August dew, the result of the crossing of the Tenderness and Triumph Pakgam varieties. The tree is quite low, not reaching 10 m in height., the bark of gray, smooth, buds quickly "wake up" after the winter. Branches sprawling, slightly drooping, curved. The leaves are oblong in shape, medium size, dark green. Fruits of medium size, ripen in mid-summer. The taste is sweet enough, juicy, with white flesh and delicate skin.
Unfortunately, it is not suitable for long storage, the pear quickly turns brown and disappears. It is itself resistant to diseases and pests, tolerates winters easily, bears fruit every year, increasing the number of fruits. The minus of this variety - constantly needs pruning of the crown, because of this, the fruits become smaller.
Bere GiffardPear variety Bere Giffard
Also applies to summer pear varieties. Differ from other varieties of their "rosy" fruits, red-orange tones on one side of the pear, and light green shades on the other. Formed on a branch in bunches, from 2 to 6 pieces, and keep so until full maturity. Because of the high yield, additional props are often required, otherwise the branches may break under the weight of the fruit.
The fruits are tender, have a sweet taste, juicy, with white flesh. Tree height reaches more than 10 m, sparse crown, branches slightly drooping and thin. Crown brown, flakes off. The leaf plate is dark green, oblong, with smooth edges. The variety does not tolerate harsh winters, therefore, young seedlings require shelter. Fruits are poorly preserved in torn form, not more than a week.
VictoriaWinterhardy grade of pears Victoria
This variety is distinguished by its winter hardiness, is not afraid of drought, and rarely exposed to diseases and pests. It appeared as a result of the cross-breeding of Bere Bosc and Tolstobozhka. Tree of medium height, 8-10 m, with a thick crown, has a pyramidal shape of the trunk, the branches are long and thin. The variety is characterized by late vegetation, flowering. Productivity is high, in a year from an adult the tree gathers more than 150 kg of a crop.
The pear begins to ripen in the second half of August, reaching a peak of maturity only by mid-September. Fruits have the correct pear-shaped form, with a smooth and thin skin. It tastes sweet pear, with juicy flesh, has a pleasant aroma. It is good to make jam and jams from this variety. But the pear is not stored for long, in a plucked form it does not spoil for about 3 days, it can hang on a tree for no more than a week, then it falls down.
DuchessSummer pear variety Duchess pear
The name of the variety translated as Duchess, was bred by the English breeder in Wheeler. The tree is low, 6-7 m, with a dense crown, spreading branches, thin. The crown of the tree is light brown in color, smooth.
Fruits begin to ripen in mid-August, the fruits are bright yellow. On average, one pear can weigh more than 150 g, arranged on branches one by one or in groups of 4-6 pears. Stored for up to 40 days in a tree and not more than 2 weeks in the form of torn. The fruits are juicy, sweet, with thin skin and delicate aroma. In the taste there are light notes of nutmeg and spices. The variety is frost resistant, not afraid of cold weather. It is also not affected by the scab, but the sucker and aphid are on the tree very often.
NorthernerVariety of pears Northerner
Bred by breeders for the northern regions, hence got its name. The variety is medium tall, the height of the tree is from 3 to 6 m, with a thick crown and a pyramidal shape of the trunk. Young seedlings tolerate planting easily and quickly begin to grow, but the tree begins to bear fruit after 4-5 years. The leaves are a tree of light green color, pointed form, with smooth edges. Blooms in early spring, has more than 6 petals in the inflorescence /
A variety with high yields, fruits strew branches, every year the crop becomes more, just as the tree bears fruit every year. A large pear, up to 200 grams each fruit, they are formed into small brushes of 4-6 pears. At the beginning of ripening they have green tones, and then they acquire yellowish-orange shades. The skin of the fruit loose, it is rather rough. To taste it is not inferior to other varieties, sweet, with juicy pulp, has a sour-tart taste and light aroma. But the seeds in a pear a little, are located in special chambers in the heart of the fruit. It tolerates winters quite well, diseases and pests, does not need special care.
CathedralSkoroplodny grade of a cat's pear
Also applies to summer, skoroplodnymi varieties. Was bred by crossing the varieties of Forest Beauty and Duchess Thigh. Predominantly grows in the Central regions, but due to its resistance to frost, it grows easily in areas of the North. The tree is medium thick, from 4 m in height and higher, with a wide and dense crown, the branches look up. The barrel is smooth, brown-gray. Young shoots slightly wilted, reddish-brown, fruiting occurs on them. The leaves are green tones, smooth, medium size.
Fruiting begins from the 6th year, the pear may exceed 130 grams by weight. Ripening occurs in mid-August, the fruits are stored on the tree no more than 2 weeks, even less in the form of torn. Fruits are lemon-colored, with many inclusions, they change their shades closer from autumn to red-orange, which indicates full ripening of fruits. The skin is thin, the flesh is cream-colored or white, sweet with a pleasant aroma, medium density. In the middle of the fruit are brown seeds, elongated.
Obtained by crossing Bere and Bergamot varieties. Above the new variety worked in the Saratov GAU them. Vavilova. Refers to the winter, plucked fruits under the right conditions capable of being stored until February!Frost-resistant pear variety Saratovka
Saratovka grade srednerosly, branches look strictly up, a tree more than 10 m high. The krone is dense, a trunk of brown-gray color. Young leaves of light green color, oval in shape, with smooth edges. By autumn, they are painted in dark green tones. The disadvantage is the dense crown, which annually needs proper pruning, otherwise, the tree reduces the amount of harvest, gives more strength to the formation of young shoots.
Productivity is high, but the tree begins to bear fruit only for 5 year. Fruits are sweet, firm, with a thick skin, lemon-colored, with a red-orange flush. It begins to ripen from mid-August, remains on the tree for a long time, until the end of September. Winter-hardy variety, rarely exposed to diseases and pestsIt also tolerates long-term transportation, does not lose its taste and appearance.
KondratievkaHigh-yielding pear variety Kondratievka
Variety of winter pears, ripening occurs at the beginning and middle of September. High yield starts from 5 years after planting. Gives a bountiful harvest annually, the tree does not need rest. The weight of one pear reaches 230 grams. Fruits are sweet, juicy, with delicate pulp and spicy aroma. Possess the correct pear-shaped form, fasten on a thick curved fruit stem. Possess green when ripe, slightly give in yellowish tones.
The tree itself is quite tall, 10-12 m tall, with a pyramidal trunk shape and slightly lowered branches. The variety is different from the others, by slow growth, mainly it grows green mass. But then gives a large number of fruits. It is quite easy to experience severe coldWe are tolerant to various diseases and pests.
Pass KrasanPass-Krasan pears need plenty of sunlight.
Also applies to winter pear varieties. Unlike other varieties that do not need special conditions, this hybrid requires increased attention. Prefers to grow only in sunny places, does not tolerate close proximity with other seedlings. From the lack of sunlight, its fruits become sour and do not reach the desired size.. He also likes moisture and well-fertilized soil. Extremely badly tolerates cold and is subject to many diseases.
But under all conditions, gives large, juicy fruits with a light sour taste. Fruits annually, does not require rest, but it is not worth waiting for a large amount of harvest from this variety. The weight of one pear can reach more than 200 grams, large pears of light green color. The right time to harvest is mid or late October.By this time, the fruit reaches its optimal size and preserves its taste. Plus is the ability of the fruit, will continue until next spring.
May DayFruits of Pervomayskaya variety can last up to 8 months
The result of crossing pears Daughter of Dawn and Late. This variety differs from others in the duration of storage of fruits in a torn form, up to 250 days! Pear is not demanding to care, frost resistant. Rarely sick, do not care for her many pests. Tree height over 10 m, with a spreading crown. Young shoots rather thin, gray-brown shades, smooth. The leaves are round in shape, with smooth edges, slightly curved upwards.
The average weight of fruits from 140 grams, possess the correct form, a smooth and thin thin skin. During the summer, the fruits of green, closer to the fall, acquire brown-red tones. Mounted on the branches with a strong stalk, form a brush of 4-6 fruits. The taste is sweet, with a pleasant aroma, slightly tart, with white flesh, has an attractive appearance and taste. The variety has high yields, but fruiting begins at 5-6 year.
The variety is winter, with a high storage capacity of fruits, up to several months. A tree with a wide pyramidal trunk shape, light brown in color. Branches of medium thickness, usually gray, smooth. Leaves elongated, smooth, dark green shades.
Pear mass over 200 grams, fruits of greenish tones, acquire a yellowish tint. They have an elongated shape of the fruit, with a smooth and thin skin. Harvesting can begin in September. To taste the pear is sweet, with white juicy pulp. The yield is high, the tree does not need any breaks, but the harvest begins to appear only 4-5 years after planting. Resistant to diseases and pests, but has an average index of winter hardiness. Especially young seedlings need additional shelter for the winter.
PatrioticWinter pear varieties Patriotic
The result of the joint work of O.S. Kharchenko, A.V. Krasovsky and A.F. Mileschko. Blooms in late spring, white rounded flowers with a light scent. The tree itself is high, more than 10 m, with a sprawling crown, straight branches. The barrel is brown in color, smooth, regular shape.
Fruits are large, light green shades, more yellow when fully ripe. Fruit weight up to 180 grams, has an attractive appearance for sale, also protects the view during long-term transportation. Harvesting from a tree is recommended in early October, the fruits are able to be stored for several months in a cool place. It produces crops regularly, the tree rarely gets sick and is almost not damaged by insects. It is also frost-resistant and does not require special care, it endures scab and thermal burns of leaves. Ripe fruits are stored for several months.
Dessert Rossoshanskaya lateRossoshanskaya - a pear with the fruits of autumn ripening
Refers to late varieties, fruit ripening comes at the beginning of September. Dessert pear is stored up to January under proper storage conditions.. Hybrid, the result of the crossing of varieties Pet Klapp and Tonkovetka, bred in 1952. The tree is vigorous, height is more than 6 m, the seedling has a narrow pyramidal shape of the trunk, gray in color, the adult tree forms a wide and smooth trunk. The crown of a pear is branchy, young branches of gray color, look up.
The fruit is quite large, weighing up to 180 grams, dark green tones at the beginning of ripening and brown-red hues to fall. Mounted on the branches of 6 pieces on thick fruit stems. Harvesting begins at 3-4 years, the percentage of yield is high. It tastes sweet, with soft skin and juicy pulp.
BelorussianPear Belarusian late
Bred in Belarus. The variety is late, ripening occurs at the beginning of September. The tree is small, no more than 3.5 m in height, branches look strictly up, crown gray-brown, smooth. The leaves are light green tones, oblong in shape, with jagged edges. Flowering occurs at the beginning of spring, the inflorescences are white, with a pleasant aroma.
The fruits are dull, light green tones, changing to orange-red shades during the summer. Pear skin is rough, rather dense, with small black spots. The short stem, on the branches of the pear crowded in pairs. The taste is fleshy flesh with white flesh, juicy, has a slight sourness. Pear hardy, not exposed to pests and diseases. A minus - bears fruit not every year, needs rest.
Olivier de SerreOlivier de Serre
The work of the French breeder. The variety is quite capricious, it requires special conditions for growth and meticulous care. The tree is medium thick, the crown is compact, the branches are directed upwards. Crown brownish, smooth, slightly flaky. During the summer, it forms a lot of new branches, which reduces the yield, so it is important in the fall to remove excess branches. The leaves are shiny, dark green color, rounded shape.
Fruits may exceed 400 grams.. In appearance, the fruits are small, round shape, with thick skin. The whole fruit is covered with spots of red color, the surface is uneven, uneven. The pear is sweet, with white fleshy pulp and light pleasant aroma. Pear ripens by September and stored assembled until spring. It is resistant to diseases, but in severe winters it needs additional shelter, otherwise the amount of the harvest in the next year decreases.
Bere ArdanponPear late maturity Bere Ardanpon
It was bred in Belgium by N. Ardanpon in 1759. This winter-hardy, undersized hybrid requires special care. It prefers to grow in the sun, heat and well-moistened soil - only in these conditions does the tree bear fruit. The tree is vigorous, with a thick crown brownish gray. Young branches are thin, not omitted, the sheet plate is pointed, dark green, slightly pointed in shape. Blooms in early spring, white fragrant inflorescences.
Fruits are large, green in the middle of summer and reddish shades when fully ripe closer to autumn. Pear with a thin smooth skin. This variety is loved by gardeners because of its attractive presentation.which persists until the cold. To taste the pear is sweet, with white, fleshy pulp. It tolerates the winter, but it is better to cover young saplings.
HeraThe grade Hera is famous for large fruits
The same applies to winter varieties, which appeared as a result of crossing Real Turin and Daughter Dawn. Especially the variety does not differ from others, but because of its large fruits was fallen in love with gardeners. One pear can weigh up to 280 grams! In addition, the fruits have light green shades that change to reddish during ripening. Not inferior in taste, pears are sweet, with fine-grained flesh of cream color. Possess gentle, slightly sourish taste, with pleasant aroma.
The tree is medium thick, not more than 6 m high, with spreading branches, crown, brownish in color. Able to produce a large number of crops annuallyIt is not exacting to conditions and leaving. Сорванные плоды способны хранится несколько месяцев. К тому же сорт достаточно устойчив к болезням, не боится насекомых, морозоустойчив.
Another winter pear, a hybrid obtained by crossing Daughter of Dawn and Talgar beauty varieties. It has excellent resistance to frost and disease.. It has a pyramidal crown shape, not more than 5 m high. The branches are thin, looking up, gray-brown in color. The leaves are rounded, dark green in color, small light streaks are clearly visible. Blooms in early spring, white fragrant inflorescences.
Variety with high yields, by weight one fruit from 140 to 210 grams, can stay on the tree for a long time and is stored for a long time in assembled form. Fruits of light green color, becoming yellowish, closer to autumn, slightly elongated. To taste sweet, with fleshy pulp, have a delicate pleasant aroma.
Autumn garden varieties are different from other long-term storage in assembled form, not inferior in taste to summer or winter.
VelesVariety of Veles Pears
Autumn pears, belongs to one of the best. Fruits are quite large, the average weight of a pear is from 150 grams and higher.. The fruit is a regular pear-shaped: narrow at the stem and rounded at the bottom. On the branches grow in small clusters, 3-4 pears. Ripening Veles pear in late August, stored on a tree until October. It has a beautiful appearance, until the end of summer the fruits are dark green, and when ripe, they become red-orange tones. The taste properties are sweet, juicy, with fleshy pulp and thin skin.
Tree height not more than 8 mWith drooping branches and pyramidal trunk shape, gray-brown. Young branches are formed throughout the summer, which affects the quantity of the crop, in the fall it is recommended to carry out pruning. Resistant to frost, disease and pests.
Bere MoskovskayaBitter-tart pear of Bere Moskovskaya variety
Frost-resistant, almost not exposed to diseases and pests. Appeared as a result of pollination of Olga varieties with pollen from Forest Beauty and Klapp's Pet. Tree no more than 6-8 m high. The crown of a pear is round, light brown in color. Young branches are quite thin, drooping, gray or brown. The leaf plate is dark green, rounded in shape. Pear blooms in early spring.
The fruits are slightly uneven, light green shades, there is a light blush closer to the fall.It is better to shoot the fruit slightly green and solid in early autumn.so they are better preserved and lie longer, up to several months in a cool and dark place. If a pear is a bit tart to taste, with a sour taste, it means that the pear lacks moisture. With proper care, the pear becomes sweet and fleshy, with delicate white flesh. In general, this variety is not capricious when leaving.
Red-sidedVariety pear Red-sided
The misconception that this variety refers to winter is not the case, the variety is autumn ripening. Was obtained as a result of crossing varieties Zheltoplodnaya and Tenderness. Resistant to diseases and pests, especially scab. It is frost-resistant, gives a good harvest from year to year. Crohn rounded, branches slightly drooping, brown-gray. The leaves are slightly pointed, light green in spring and dark green tones closer to autumn.
Does not require special care, is able to grow in a small shade, under taller trees, but loves moisture. Fruits of medium size, weighing no more than 200 grams. Green pears change their shades to crimson blush to ripen. To taste sweet, with juicy fine-grained pulp and thin skin. Keep on the branches, on short curved stalks. Fruits are capable to remain long, both on a tree, and in assembled form, are not afraid of transportations.
In memory of YakovlevVariety of pears of high winter hardiness in memory of Yakovlev
Medium-thick tree with a thick crown. The height of the tree does not exceed 1.5-2m, with a spherical crown. Young branches are thin, looking up, brown-gray in color with small prickles. The leaves are dark green, egg-shaped, with smooth edges. Harvest gives 6-8 year. Popular variety in memory of Yakovlev gardeners due to regular fruiting and unpretentious care.
Pears with a smooth and thin skin, weighing no more than 200 grams. The fruits are collected in groups of 5-7 pears. To taste the pear is sweet, with juicy pulp and pleasant aroma. The fruits are golden in color, slightly reddish at the end of ripening. Full ripening occurs in mid-October.. The pear is stored for a long time on the tree, it does not fall off, and it may lie several months in the assembled state. High yield, which increases with each year of tree growth. More than 30 kg of ripe pear are harvested from an adult tree per year. In addition, it is capable not only of self-pollination, but also pollinates other varieties of pears. Greatly simplifies the care of the pear is that it is winter-resistant and unpretentious in the care.
MuscoviteBranch of pear Moskvichka with fruits
Obtained as a result of pollination of one of the American varieties of pears, Kieffer. Possesses shtambovy form, with rather dense and sprawling krone, light gray colors, which over time changes shades to brown tones. Quickly forms new curved shoots. The foliage is light green in color, oval-shaped, slightly curved in the center. This variety produces a bountiful harvest in the southwestern regions. The first harvest is formed by 3-4 year.
The fruits of Muscovites are medium in size, up to 150 grams. Possess the correct pear-shaped form. Have a greenish-yellow hue, which is replaced by the end of summer in maroon-crimson tones. The skin is thin, fleshy with juicy flesh with a pronounced sweet-sour taste. It is recommended to pluck pears, when they are slightly undone, after lying in the room for a couple of days, the pear matures and retains its taste. Under the right conditions of storage, the fruit can not deteriorate for several months.. High resistance to scab and rot, just not afraid of frost.
MarbleMarble Pear Fruit
The fruit of the cross-breeding Bere winter Michurin and Forest Beauty. The crop ripens in this variety to the very beginning of autumn, the first fruits can be plucked in early September. It differs from others in height and thickness of the crown, tree height is more than 8 m. A lot of light brown thin branches are formed every year, but pear shoots very rarely. Blooms in early spring white fragrant inflorescences. Foliage dark green color.
Fruits are large, from 170 grams, with yellowish-green shades and a light flush. Pear differs and the correct conical shape of the fruit. The flesh is coarse-grained, tender, juicy. Quite dense skin, with small points of rusty color. Marble variety, like other autumn pears, is frost-resistant, not afraid of diseases and pests. The tree begins to yield only 5 years, but the percentage of yield is high, the pear is able to please a large number of crops every year.
Pear for the Volga region and central Russia
ChizhovskayaWinter-hard pear Chizhovskaya
Olga and Forest Beauty were taken as "parental" varieties, as a result of the long work of S.T. Chizhov and S.P. Potapov and the variety Chizhovskaya was bred. One of the popular self-pollinated varieties in the middle lane, especially in the Volga region and surrounding areas. The tree stands no more than 3 m, the young tree has a narrow crown, grayish shades. Older branches become brownish in color, branches look up, medium in thickness, slightly curved. The leaves are oval-shaped, dark green with smooth edges.
The fruits themselves weighing no more than 150 grams. At the beginning of summer the pear is of light green tones, the fruit is rather solid, but closer to the autumn they get yellow shades, they become soft. In this state, the Chizhovskaya pear will not hang on a tree for a long time, therefore it is recommended to pluck it in early autumn. Green fruit can last for several weeks.. Sweet and fleshy to taste, ripen in mid-August. They have a white, medium-grained pulp with a pleasant aroma. In addition, inherited from the "native" resistance to frost and disease.
LadaPear Lada refers to early summer varieties
The result of the crossing of varieties of Forest Beauty and Olga, a variety suitable for planting in the middle lane. Differs in the ripening of fruits, you can taste fresh fruits in the middle of summer. Lada is frost-resistant, not exposed to diseases and pests, annually gives a rich harvest. A tree with a branchy crown, branches slightly drooping, looking down. The height of the tree is not more than 3 m, with a pyramid-shaped trunk, closely gray. The leaves are shiny, smooth, dark green tones. Winters well enough even in the most severe winters, resistant to diseases, partially self-propelled.
Medium sized fruits, not more than 100 grams, light green tones with thin skin. Closer to ripening, the fruit is given in yellow tones, becoming soft to the touch. It is important to take a moment to take the fruit from the tree, otherwise they become soft, covered with rusty spots and fall. The fruit is attached to the branches in pairs on short stalks. To taste sweet, with a slight hint of sourness and is stored for a long time in a torn form, especially in a cool place.
BessemyankaPear Bessemyanka refers to high-yielding varieties
Popular and quite interesting for planting, especially spread in the Central regions, also grows well in the middle lane. The tree is vigorous, the growth rate is fast, consistently yields a crop, does not need rest. Productivity is high, more than 50 kg of fruits are harvested per year. A tree with a height of more than 6 m, with spreading and curved branches. The leaves are oval-shaped, dark green in color, with rounded edges. It is also resistant to frost, but prone to scab and other diseases.
Every year, he is pleased with a large number of crops, although the fruits are rather small, they look more like apples. Light green in color, hard when ripe, the fruits turn yellow and soft when ripe. Mounted on branches of one fruit on short stalks. Ripening occurs at the end of summer, when the fruits become yellowish shades. Not long stored on the tree, quickly falls. In addition, it is not for long and in a torn form, no more than 2-3 weeks.
Skorospelka from MichurinskPear Skorospelka from Michurinsk
This variety beats all records for fruit ripening speed. Bred IV Michurin, as a result of crossing varieties Citron de Carme and Bere Ligel. Refers to the early varieties of pears, the crop is ripening by the middle of summer. It is a tall tree, the shape of the trunk is pyramidal, light brown in color.
Fruits no more than 90 grams, green in the summer, get a yellow shade at full maturity. Small fruits are compensated by taste: sweet, juicy, this pear is loved not only by gardeners, but by bees and birds. Therefore, it is better to collect them when they are a little solid, they are stored no more than a week. The tree itself is winter-hardy, with a thick crown, resistant to diseases and pests.
AllegroVariety of pears for the middle band Allegro
Bred by artificial pollination varieties Autumn Yakovlev. Another variety for the middle band, which bears fruit every year, is unpretentious in care, resistant to diseases and severe cold. Fruiting begins with 3 years, over time, the fruits become larger in size. Tree srednerosly, more than 5 m highwith a lowered crown. The branches are curved, light gray, the leaves are slightly elongated, closely green.
Pear weighing from 120 grams with a thickish skin, but juicy and sweet flesh, with a spicy aroma. The correct pear shape, the fruit is slightly elongated. They are attached to the branches with the help of a thick stalk, growing alone on the branch. Maturation occurs at the beginning of August, fruits turn yellowish-red and soft. The variety is not stored for a long time, ripe fruits hang on the tree for no more than 2 weeks, but when assembled they can last more than a month.
Garden varieties for the Moscow region, description
Prominent or hillyVariety pears Hilly
Variety of pears, which has long been loved by Moscow region. Tree no more than 5 m high, with a rather sprawling young crown, which subsequently acquires a pyramidal shape. During the summer, the tree forms many young branches that need to be cut in the fall, otherwise the fruit will become shallow. The leaf plate is elongated, with light streaks, dark green. Blooms in early spring, a variety of white inflorescences with a pleasant aroma.
Fruiting begins in the 5th year, the fruits are medium in size, the correct pear-shaped. The color is greenish yellow during the summer, with a red ting closer to autumn. Fruits with thick skin and coarse white flesh. To taste sweet and juicy, with a pleasant aroma. When assembled, it may persist for several months, but it is recommended to collect the fruits in mid-August, when the fruits are sufficiently firm and a little under-achieved.
TendernessHybrid grade Tenderness
The grade received as a result of crossing of the Subject and Favorite Klapp. Especially a large amount of the crop gives in the Volga region, the middle lane and in the suburbs. Tree