The onion family has about 600 varieties. More than 200 grow with us. The number of varieties is increasing due to the cultivation of wild species.The owners of homestead, suburban areas grow perennial onion crops. Batun, shnitt, slizun, shallot, fragrant, oblique, multi-tiered - this is the name of the most popular vegetable varieties. With thin feathers, wide, long, sweet and bitter. They have early greens softer feathers onions. It has a high content of vitamins, minerals. Caring for these varieties is simpler since sowing is done once every three to five years. It is worth considering the top 5 most popular bows.
Variety of varieties of perennial onions, giving greens
Shallot (forty-toothed) is similar to the onion method of reproduction. Batun grown for the sake of greenery. At one place grows 5-7 years. Chives are similar, but there are features. The site is desirable to change every 2-3 years. A feature of the multi-tiered onion is the formation of aerial onion in 3-4 tiers. Slizun (drooping) less acute, useful for anemia.Perennial onions in the garden
Batun as a perennial species
Onions batun most common among perennials. It has large, dark green leaves. Externally, like the bulb, but the taste is more spicy. Only feathers go to food, heads are absent. There are several varieties of batun. Differences are manifested in branching, foliage, precocity, frost resistance. All varieties begin to grow as soon as the snow melts.
This species propagates by seeds and division of the bush. Seeds are sown in late autumn, early spring, at the end of summer. Sub-winter and spring sowing yields in late July, August. When summer - in the fall, a few feathers appear, in the spring the leaves quickly produce marketable products.
During vegetative propagation, plants are planted in the fall from mid-September to the second half of October or early in spring. The rhizome is divided into parts of 2-3 plants, pruned roots up to 3-4 cm, pruned leaves up to 5-8 cm. When planting, do not cover the growing point with earth.Onions batun on the garden plot
Slider with wide flat feathers
Slyzun bow - frost-resistant perennial plant. On one site grows more than five years. Feathers are flat, fragile. It differs from others in a gentle, mild taste. Greens do not lose their taste for a long time, it is eaten before the start of the bar.
The root system is located at a depth of 20 centimeters. The plant loves moisture, grows well when watering the sown area. Undemanding to the light. It grows in poorly lit places.
Propagated by seeds and vegetatively. Planting, care, transplanting are similar to the onion-batun. Sowing the seeds in July, the crop is harvested in the third week of April. Feathers are ready to eat two to three weeks after the land thaws.Onion Slizun
This is one of the most cold-resistant herbaceous plants.. On one site grows up to seven years. Eat green mass, basal and large air bulbs, which are formed in 2-4 tiers instead of inflorescences. Due to the lack of a rest period, disembarkation is carried out all year round. Greens appear a month after planting in the ground.
Reproduction is carried out by dividing the uterine bulbs or air bulbs. To obtain planting material required uterine area. The area of two square meters is enough to provide air bulbs in the required quantity. For larger bulbs, multi-layered species grown from seedlings.
For discharging the greenery on the windowsill use air heads. After harvesting, they are dried, placed in a cool, dry place. So onions will not dry up before planting. 20 days after disembarkation, the leaves in the kitchen will grow up to half a meter tall.Multi-tiered onions close-up
Chives somewhat similar to the batun. Planting method, biological requirements. External difference is determined by narrower, stronger leaves. Cut feathers do not fall apart, remaining in bundles. The presentation is better, during transportation almost not damaged.
When grown in one area of three years, there is a decrease in yield, the leaves become shallow, a powerful turf is formed. Can be used for growing greens in winter. In the fall, rhizomes are dug up, stored in cellars for at least a month, planted in pots with fertile soil. Put in a warm place, watered. After three weeks, the leaves grow back. From one plant you can harvest three times.
This variety is also grown as an ornamental plant. Planted in beds, around the tracks, for decorating lawns, used as a curb plant. A year later, flowering arrows with spherical umbrellas are formed. Shades of them from pink to purple. Flowering plants look like wonderful, colorful carpets.Blooming onion schnitt at their summer cottage, growing along the path
Shallots - a variety of bulb. Small bulbs, ripen two decades earlier turnips. The taste is not as sharp as onions. Greens are tender, erect, feathers are 3-4 times more than the turnip. Grow more often for green mass. The bulbs are used less frequently due to the fact that they are small and consist of several cloves. From here one more name - a forty-toothed dog.
For planting heads are divided into teeth or planted entirely. Then a bunch of greens will be more. Less sown seeds. In the first year, small onions of 3 - 5 cloves are formed. On the second - large bulbs. Some of them form arrows, inflorescences and give seeds.
Shallot has a long rest period. Before planting the head should be cut on the hanger. Warm up for 3 hours in hot water at a temperature of 45 degrees.Freshly harvested shallot
How to care for onion perennial species?
Onion crops belong to the same family. To avoid damage by pests and diseases, they can not be grown in one area. Basic care is reduced to watering, loosening, weeding, fertilization.
Under good weather conditions, onions are watered four times per season. In dry weather - every fifteen decades. After watering the soil loosened. The first deep loosening is carried out in the spring. This has a beneficial effect on the growth of roots and leaves. Together with irrigation they make mineral fertilizers. Weed as needed.
The value of perennial onions is due to the ability to grow a green feather, with the help of forcing, throughout the entire non-season period.