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Correct crop rotation in the garden - what then can be planted

Greetings, dear gardeners! We all want to get a big harvest every year from our summer cottage or garden, not just good, but straight. To what only magic methods gardeners do not come to achieve such a goal, only actions are sometimes not always environmentally friendly. As it turned out, there is no need to invent sophisticated schemes, everything has long been known. The most effective tool for high-quality growing vegetables is crop rotation. Rather, competent crop rotation.

Crop rotation - the alternation of crops on a certain plot of land from year to year.

I tried to make the article as constructive and useful as possible for you, I made the classification and highlighted the features.

What does the maintenance of crop rotation

4 reasons to observe the crop rotation on the site:

  • you save the soil from depletion, since the same crop literally “eats away” all the useful substances every year, at the same depth of the soil;
  • moreover, with proper crop rotation, the soil is saturated with useful elements;
  • pests and diseases will not settle for a permanent place of residence, because each vegetable family has its own list of “edakov”, and if you do not alternate cultures, then the pest populations will only increase;
  • you can control fertilizers applied to the soil, each culture has its own preferences for fertility;

5 steps to get started:

  • Make a list of the crops that you grow annually: tomatoes, potatoes, carrots, etc.
  • examine the scale of your site and draw on paper the scheme of your possessions;
  • to divide the plot into beds, at least 4-5, if meters and weave allow, then it is possible more;
  • choose the right neighborhood of crops, if you want to plant more different vegetables, but the site does not allow, more on this later in the article);
  • start and not be afraid to experiment, only at first it seems that there are so many nuances.

Principle

The principle of crop rotation works as follows, an example with respect to 4 beds.

The principle of crop rotation on the example of four beds

Representatives of each group land on their beds. The following year, we will produce castling according to the scheme, and so in a circle for 4 years each culture will visit a new place. Further note that some methods of crop rotation for ease of understanding are divided into 4 groups, this will help to easily understand this simple lesson.

5 ways of crop rotation

Method 1

We alternate cultures in groups. All vegetable crops are divided into 4 groups (Table No. 1). Crop rotation is organized according to the scheme number 1.

Table number 1

Groups of culturesRepresentatives
1FruitCucumber, zucchini, tomato, pepper, pumpkin, eggplant
2LeafyLeafy salads, spinach, different types of cabbage, green onions
3LegumesBeans, chickpeas, peas
4RootsBeets, potatoes, carrots, radishes

Method 2

Alternating cultures to the requirements of the soil.

Each vegetable crop requires a certain level of soil fertility. Table number 2 will give you a hint.

Table number 2

Soil requirementsFamily name
1UndemandingUmbrella, amaranth, amaryllis
2Medium DemandingSolanaceae
3DemandingCabbage, aster, pumpkin
4Enrich the soilLegumes

In Table 3 you will see which vegetables to which families belong.

Table number 3

Family nameCulture name
Celery and umbrellaDill, carrot, parsley
PumpkinZucchini, pumpkin, cucumber, squash, melon, watermelon
SolanaceaeTomato, potato, vegetable pepper, eggplant
AmaranthsSpinach, beets
Cruciferous or cabbageRadish, cabbage, armchair
CerealsCorn
AmarylliteGarlic, onion
LegumesBeans, peas
AstroLettuce, sunflower

Method 3

We alternate vegetable crops by families.

Table number 4

Family name
1Umbrella
2Solanaceae
3Cabbage
4Legumes
5Pumpkin
6Amaranths
7Amaryllite
8Astro

If the size of the plot allows, then each family can be planted separately. And it is better to experiment with a profitable neighborhood of crops for greater yields, see Table 7 for this.

Method 4

Crop rotation

We alternate cultures depending on their influence on the soil.

Table number 5

1Strongly deplete the soilBeets, all kinds of cabbage, carrots
2Moderately depletedPepper, zucchini, onion, tomato, eggplant
3Weakly depleteSalads, radishes, cucumber, spinach, peas
4Enrich the soilAll legumes

Crop rotation is organized according to the scheme number 1.

Method 5

Choose the best predecessor. This method is the most effective, but at the same time, the most labor-intensive. But for the sake of better harvest you should try it.

According to this method, the most important thing is to choose the predecessor culture correctly (which grew on this place last year). For convenience, I give below an exhaustive table.

Table number 6

Potatoes - in most cases, grow as a monoculture, but in small areas, crop rotation is desirable. Planted in the same place in 2-3 years.
Best predecessorPossibleInvalid
Siderats, cucumbers, cauliflower, beans, onions, early white cabbage, squash, garlic, pumpkin, zucchini.Corn, carrot, greens, beet, cabbage of medium and late varieties, spice-cake (basil, coriander)Eggplant, pepper, tomatoes.
Eggplant
Best predecessorPossibleInvalid
Garlic, melon, pumpkin, legumes, green manure, greens, zucchini, carrots, white cabbage of early varieties, squash, cauliflower, cucumbers, spring onion (basil, coriander)Corn, cabbage of an average and late grades, beetTomatoes, eggplants, peppers, early potatoes
Corn - as a monoculture in one place you can grow up to 10 years
Best predecessorPossibleInvalid
Potatoes, pulses, beetsAll culturesMillet
Legumes (peas, chickpeas, beans) - serve as an excellent sideratom, it can be returned to its original place in 2-3 years
Best predecessorPossibleInvalid
Garlic, garden strawberries, pumpkin, onions, early potatoes, squash, cabbage (all kinds), cucumbers, zucchiniTomatoes, eggplants, siderata, greens, beets, carrots, peppers, spice-flavored (basil, coriander)Corn, Bean
Cabbage - you can return to your original place in 2-3 years
Best predecessorPossibleInvalid
Beans, legumes, siderats, zucchini, tomatoes, early potatoes (for middle and late varieties), cucumbers, carrots (for middle and late varieties), onionsTomatoes, peas, lettuce, greens, peppers, eggplantsPumpkin, radishes, cabbage, beets, cucumbers
Greens (onions on feathers, spinach, lettuce) and spice-flavored (basil, coriander), can be returned to their original place in 3-4 years
Best predecessorPossibleInvalid
Garlic, legumes, pumpkin, cucumbers, siderata, zucchini, squash, early white cabbage, onions, cauliflowerBeetroot, eggplants, tomatoes, greens, spicy flavor, early potatoes, peppers, cornCarrots, white cabbage, medium and late ripening
Radish - can be planted between rows
Best predecessorPossibleInvalid
Garlic, pulses, strawberries potatoes, tomatoes, cucumbers, onionsBeets, eggplants, tomatoes, greens, peppers, corn, spice-cakeCarrots, cabbage
Zucchini - you can return to your original place in 2-3 years
Best predecessorPossibleInvalid
Garlic, pulses, onions, potatoes, corn, early cabbage, cauliflower, parsleyBeetroot, pulses, spinach, early potatoes, greensPumpkin, eggplants, tomatoes, white cabbage of medium and late varieties, pepper, carrot
Squash - can be returned to its former place in 2-3 years
Best predecessorPossibleInvalid
Corn, garlic, basil, onion, pulses, potatoes, cauliflower, early white cabbageBeetroot, pulses, spinach, early potatoes, greensPumpkin, eggplants, tomatoes, white cabbage of medium and late varieties, pepper, carrot
Onions - you can return to your original place in 3-4 years
Best predecessorPossibleInvalid
Siderats, legumes, pumpkin, zucchini, cauliflower, squash, early potatoes, cucumbers, early white cabbageTomatoes, eggplants, beets, white cabbage of medium and late varieties, corn, pepper, garlic, onionsSpice-cake, carrot, greens
Pepper
Best predecessorPossibleInvalid
Garlic, melon, pumpkin, legumes, green manure, greens, squash, zucchini, onions, cucumbers, white cabbage of early varieties, carrots, cauliflowerBeetroot, cabbage of medium and late varieties, spice flavor, radish, cornTomatoes, pumpkin, eggplants, peppers, early potatoes
Carrot
Best predecessorPossibleInvalid
Spice flavors, greens, squash, cabbage, onions, cucumbers, zucchini, early potatoes, pumpkinTomatoes, eggplants, beets, legumes, garlic, cabbage, radishes, corn, pepper, onionsBeet
Cucumber - you can return to your original place in 2-3 years
Best predecessorPossibleInvalid
Garlic, pulses, onions, potatoes, corn, early cabbage, cauliflower, parsleySpice-cake, beans, greens, beets, early potatoesTomatoes, eggplants, pumpkin, white and white cabbage of medium and late varieties, pepper, carrot
Beet canteen - you can return to your original place in 2-3 years
Best predecessorPossibleInvalid
Siderata, greens, pumpkin, zucchini, spicy taste, onions, squash, cucumbersTomatoes, pulses, garlic, peppers, eggplants, corn, early cabbage, onions, cauliflowerBeets, potatoes, cabbage, medium and late varieties
Sunflower is a bad predecessor for almost all crops, it can be returned to its original place in 6-8 years
Best predecessorPossibleInvalid
Corn, BeanPotatoesBeans, Peas, Beets, Tomatoes
Garlic - you can return to your original place in 3-4 years
Best predecessorPossibleInvalid
Siderates, legumes, pumpkin, zucchini, squash, early potatoes, cucumbers, early white cabbage, carrots, cauliflowerGarlic, eggplants, tomatoes, white cabbage of medium and late varieties, beets, onions, corn, pepperRadish, greens, spicy flavor, carrots
Tomatoes - can grow as a monoculture, with a crop rotation it can be returned to its original place in 2-3 years
Best predecessorPossibleInvalid
Siderats, basil, cucumbers, peas, carrots, greens, cauliflower, early white cabbageGarlic, legumes, beets, white cabbage of middle and late terms of ripening, spicy flavor, onion, cornTomatoes, eggplants, peppers, early potatoes
Garden strawberries - after potatoes, cucumbers and tomatoes can be grown in 3-4 years.
Best predecessorPossibleInvalid
Dill, bean, garlic, onion, carrot, radishCorn, cabbageTomatoes, cucumbers, potatoes
Pumpkin - you can return to your original place in 2-3 years
Best predecessorPossibleInvalid
Garlic, pulses, parsley, potatoes, early white cabbage, onions, corn, cauliflowerBeetroot, pulses, spinach, early potatoes, greensPumpkin, eggplants, tomatoes, white cabbage of medium and late varieties, pepper, carrot

Method 6

The correct neighborhood of cultures

The right neighborhood of cultures. All plants influence each other differently, so it is very important to know the most suitable neighborhood of crops in order to get high yields.

Proper placement can protect plants from pests, for example, the neighborhood of tomato with cabbage helps fight flea and leaf beetles. Moreover, this method helps to effectively plant even the most compact area.

Table number 7

Zucchini
Best neighborhoodPossibleInvalid
Legumes, corn, greensSpinach, eggplants, garlic, strawberries, sunflower, carrotsRadish, tomatoes, potatoes
Peas
Best neighborhoodPossibleInvalid
Cucumbers, carrotsSpinach, strawberries, dill, corn, beets, parsley, lettuce, radishesGarlic, beans, tomatoes, cabbage, onions, potatoes
Corn
Best neighborhoodPossibleInvalid
Beans, cucumbers, lettuce, tomatoesSpinach, peas, garlic, strawberries, dill, cabbage, pumpkin, carrots, potatoes, radishes, onionsBeet
Leek
Best neighborhoodPossibleInvalid
Tomatoes, strawberriesSpinach, potatoes, garlic, cabbage, beans, corn, carrots, dill, cucumbers, beets, lettuce, radishesOnions, peas
Eggplant
Best neighborhoodPossibleInvalid
Garlic, onion, beans, leek, greensCucumbers, strawberries, parsley-
Onion
Best neighborhoodPossibleInvalid
Beets, Tomatoes, CarrotsSpinach, strawberries, garlic, potatoes, lettuce, corn, cucumbers, radishesBeans, onions, peas, dill, cabbage
Cucumbers
Best neighborhoodPossibleInvalid
Beans, lettuce, legumes, dill, cabbage, beets, cornSpinach, eggplants, garlic, strawberries, sunflower, carrots, onionsTomatoes, potatoes, radishes
Cabbage
Best neighborhoodPossibleInvalid
Beans, strawberries, lettuce, carrotsGarlic, potatoes, spinach, corn, dill, leekParsley, peas, garlic, onions, tomatoes, cucumbers, beets, radishes
Squash
Best neighborhoodPossibleInvalid
Corn, greens, legumesGarlic, strawberry, sunflower, carrotTomatoes, potatoes, radishes
Potatoes
Best neighborhoodPossibleInvalid
Spinach, beansSpinach, strawberries, garlic, cabbage, dill, corn, lettuce, onions, radishes, carrotsPumpkin, peas, beets, tomatoes, cucumbers
Sunflower
Best neighborhoodPossibleInvalid
-CucumbersPotatoes
Perennial onions
Best neighborhoodPossibleInvalid
-Tomatoes, parsley, strawberries, lettuce, carrots, radishes, cucumbersGarlic, legumes
Radish
Best neighborhoodPossibleInvalid
Beans, carrotsSpinach, peas, garlic, strawberries, dill, cabbage, tomatoes, potatoes, beets, corn, lettuce, onions, radishes, parsleyCucumbers, onions
Carrot
Best neighborhoodPossibleInvalid
Spinach, peas, onions, cabbageGarlic, potatoes, tomatoes, corn, cucumbers, lettuce, radishesDill, beet, beans
Lettuce
Best neighborhoodPossibleInvalid
Corn, cabbage, cucumbersSpinach, peas, garlic, strawberries, beans, potatoes, dill, onions, beets, tomatoes, carrots, radishes, parsley-
Tomatoes
Best neighborhoodPossibleInvalid
Spinach, radish, corn, beans, carrots, beets, parsleyGarlic, onions, strawberries, lettuce, cabbagePotatoes, peas, dill, cucumbers
Pepper
Best neighborhoodPossibleInvalid
Carrots, basil, onionsParsleyBeans
Pumpkin
Best neighborhoodPossibleInvalid
Legumes, greensCornPotatoes
Dill
Best neighborhoodPossibleInvalid
Cucumbers, cabbageSpinach, peas, radish, garlic, strawberries, beans, potatoes, beets, corn, lettuce, leeksTomatoes, onions, carrots
Parsley
Best neighborhoodPossibleInvalid
Tomatoes, strawberriesSpinach, eggplants, lettuce, peas, radishes, leeks, peppers, perennial onions, cucumbers, carrotsCabbage
Garlic
Best neighborhoodPossibleInvalid
-Tomatoes, strawberries, beets, leeks, lettuce, carrots, radishes, cucumbersBeans, peas, cabbage, onions perennial
Spinach
Best neighborhoodPossibleInvalid
Beans, strawberries, tomatoes, potatoes, beets, carrotsPeas, cabbage, onions, cucumbers, parsley, radishes, lettuce, dill, garlicBeet
Beet
Best neighborhoodPossibleInvalid
Spinach, onion, beans, tomatoesGarlic, peas, dill, strawberries, lettuce, cabbage, radishes, cucumbersCarrots, potatoes, leeks, corn
Garden strawberries
Best neighborhoodPossibleInvalid
Spinach, parsley, cabbage, beans, carrotsGarlic, eggplants, dill, peas, tomatoes, potatoes, beets, corn, lettuce, onions, radishes, cucumbers-
Beans
Best neighborhoodPossibleInvalid
Spinach, eggplants, beets, strawberries, radishes, cabbage, tomatoes, corn, cucumbers, potatoesDill, salad, spinachCarrots, Peas, Garlic, Onions
Thinking through the method of combining pay attention to the maturity of certain crops. For example, after May garlic, you can plant cucumbers, and collect the second wave of the crop until late autumn.

Who are siderata

Leaves mustard, winter rye, peas, lupins, vetch belong to siderats. These cultures restore and enrich the soil with useful elements. It is possible to plant green manure, taking into account the organization of crop rotation, and in the time free from vegetables, for example, before winter.

Dear gardeners, I tried to give the most comprehensive information on the system of crop rotation in the form of checklists. All information is coordinated in the reminders, tablets, save them, put into practice and let the harvest come with us!