Sweet pepper is a necessary culture, the fruits of which are used in cooking, traditional medicine and preservation. The correct choice of varieties of sweet pepper will allow to achieve high yields with the least care. Choosing Belozerka, you can achieve high-quality yield in any type of soil and regardless of climatic conditions.
Description and characteristics of the variety. Belozerka sweet pepper - what is it?
The variety was bred by crossing sweet varieties of Bulgarian pepper in the Transnistrian research Institute of Agriculture in the 90s of the 20th century. The shape of the bush is compact, low growth - approximately up to 70 cm.
This type of pepper is an early ripening crop, the first crops of which can be harvested already 140-150 days after germination. Pepper fruits are cone-shaped, have two or three sides, with a smooth surface.
The color of immature pepper is green; when it reaches maturity, the fruits become bright red. The mass of one pepper varies from 90 to 140 grams.When reaching maturity, the fruits become red.
Advantages and disadvantages of culture
Culture is full of advantages and has no obvious disadvantages. This species is different:
- unpretentious care;
- ease of cultivation;
- low demand for additional fertilizer;
- and high yield.
The harvest is not demanding to weather conditions and suitable for long-term storage.
Seeds for seedlings culture should be planted at the end of Februarywith the arrival of the calendar spring. Before planting, it is recommended to soak the seeds for a couple of hours in water: the sprouted seeds are a marriage and should not be planted. The remaining seeds must be soaked in a solution of biostimulants or potassium permanganate, and then planted in the soil to a depth of no more than 1 cm.Seeds of pepper Belozerka
Immediately after planting the seeds need pour and cover with foilin order to create greenhouse conditions. At a constant temperature of 25 degrees, the seeds germinate quickly and are easily grafted. As soon as seedlings gatherings are shown, the film must be removed for high-quality ventilation and compliance with a moderate temperature regime.
Seedling growing conditions
The best option would be to feed a solution of 5 grams of potash fertilizers and 15 grams of superphosphate when the first three true leaves appear on the plant. The second feeding is recommended to make the turn two weeks after the first, increasing the concentration 2 times.
Water the seedlings should be as the soil dries - the soil should always be wet. During the development of transplanted shoots plays an important role observance of temperature. It is impossible to subject shoots to sharp thermal differences or long cold. Otherwise, it will be less fruitful.Sprinkle pepper seedlings as the soil dries.
Transplantation in open ground: how and when?
Before planting the crop in the ground, the plant must be hardened, bringing seedlings to the street or balcony. Every day hardening time should be increased, reaching up to 6-8 hours can be planted. Planting is necessary in early May, when the temperature warms up the soil. up to 10-12 degrees. If there are prolonged frosts, it is better to keep Belozerka in the greenhouse.
During the growth of culture, it is necessary to irrigate, loosen, garter and feed the culture in a timely manner. Despite the unpretentiousness of the variety in cultivation, regular care increase crop yield several times. Yellowed leaves and stepchildren should be cut off in time, the plant tied up as it grows, and fertilized regularly with organic fertilizer.
Before the appearance of the first shoots, watering should be done by sprinkling using a watering can or sprayer, then it can be watered under the plant root. The best option is watering intensity of 5-7 liters per plant 2-3 times a week.
Features variety BelozerkaVariety Belozerka different early maturity
It differs from other varieties of sweet peppers and has a lot of positive characteristics:
- the culture is resistant to pests and is immune to diseases
- the fruits of pepper are ideal for preservation and for long-term storage
- the plant is different early ripeness
- variety unpretentious in the care and cultivation
This variety is the best option for self-cultivation. Pepper fruits are practical and ideal for any purpose, so the culture does not need to be duplicated by other varieties.
Diseases and pests
Resistant to Alternaria, Verticillia, is not affected by dry and wet rot and is able to withstand a wide range of viral infections. Thanks high immunity For various diseases, pepper easily tolerates short-term temperature and meteorological fluctuations and is suitable for cultivation both in the open and in the ground.To protect against diseases, the plant is planted in open ground.
Marina, Krasnodar: "This variety is good for any purpose. Easy to grow, it grows quickly, has tasty fruits. A real panacea after ordinary pepper hybrids."
Pavel, Kuban: "I was surprised by the high yield of fruits - I gathered a large crop from a pair of bushes. The fruit has excellent taste and is well preserved."
Nastya, Sochi: "I liked this culture very much. It grows fast and is resistant to diseases. It was easy to withstand the raids of pests that spoiled other cultures. Now I will plant only Belozerku."
Belozerka sweet pepper is the best option for both beginner gardeners and for industrial cultivation. The fruits of the description of large, have excellent taste, and the plant is unpretentious in the care and high yielding. This grade is the leader among grades of sweet pepper.