It is not a secret to anyone that with traditional methods of storing crops, such as canning, the use of substances not always beneficial to the human body — vinegar and salt — is assumed. It is much more useful to use dried foods for consumption. And having tried to dry Jerusalem artichoke at home, you are sure to get a charge of vigor from its use, provided that the product is natural
Jerusalem artichoke, or earth pear, or Jerusalem artichoke, is a product that is once again gaining great popularity among modern consumers. The tubers of this plant, whose birthplace is North America, gained its wide distribution in Europe as early as the 17th century. They were used in nutrition not only in raw, but also in fried, boiled and baked form. Even today you can make soup, mashed potatoes, various salads from Jerusalem artichoke. Pectin contained in the plant is added to jellies, jams, baby and dietary products.It prepares a wide variety of dishes from chips to casseroles.
In the US, the plant began to dry, grind and use as a remedy. Dried it retains all the original properties. It contains vitamins (A, B, C, PP). It is also rich in trace elements (zinc, magnesium, iron, potassium, etc.). In addition, dried Jerusalem artichoke is a source of proteins, fats and carbohydrates that are indispensable for the body.
A dry vegetable is stored much longer than raw tubers that can be kept in a cool place for only a couple of months. Dried tuber is used a whole year.Before cutting into cups, put the roots on a towel to get rid of moisture
Dry topinambur possible by all known methods of drying. Before drying, the tubers are thoroughly cleaned and washed from the ground, removed with the help of paper towels from excessive moisture and cut into thin circles.
Ways of drying Jerusalem artichoke at home
Like any other, this vegetable is dried by popular homemade methods today. This can be done in the oven, electric drier, in the microwave and in the open air. To understand the pros and cons of the presented methods, it is necessary to consider each separately and in more detail.To get crispy chips, the root vegetable must be sliced thinly.
How to cook in the oven
The process of drying topinambur in the oven is as follows:
- First, you need to cover in advance cooked pans with special baking paper and put on them thinly sliced tubers. It is advisable that they do not touch each other.
- Secondly, the slices are kept in the oven for about three hours at a temperature of 50 degrees, during which time some of the water from the chopped tubers is evaporated.
- Third, allow the pieces to cool for 24 hours.
- Fourth, after a day, dried tubers are placed in an oven at 60 degrees until final readiness.
The disadvantage of this method is that in some cases it is not always possible to correctly adjust the temperature. To avoid this, it is better to carefully control the entire process. Of the benefits worth noting is the possibility of maintaining all the useful qualities of topinambur to the maximum. Such dried mugs will taste like chips.
How to get chips in electric drier
Modern dryer, for example, VOLTERA 1000 Lux, can significantly reduce the drying time of the circles of the root. This method is considered the most ideal.
The advantage of dryers is that they have several sections and a temperature controller. It is worth noting the fact that you need to monitor the process only occasionally. All the necessary parameters and drying conditions are pre-set using the dashboard.The thinner the sliced circles, the more crispy the chips will be.
Unfortunately, to use this method of drying, you need to additionally purchase this type of household appliances, if it is not currently available.
Dry topinambur with the help of sunlight the longest option. First, it takes four to five days to dry if the day is sunny. With cloudy weather even longer. Secondly, during this time it can be loved by flies and midges. The process ends when all the liquid from the tubers evaporates.Do not forget to stir and turn the cut during drying for uniform
How can be dried in the microwave
You can dry the topinambur mugs and in the microwave. To taste, as when cooking in the oven, they will look like potato chips.
The circles must be laid out on a plate in a thin layer and set for ten minutes at an average power. Then they need to pull out and turn. Repeat the procedure again. This is the fastest way to dry the tuber of this plant. But he requires constant monitoring.For cutting into thin circles, you can use a variety of nozzles.
How to properly store and use a dry root vegetable
It is recommended to store dried Jerusalem artichoke in tightly closed containers in places inaccessible to sunlight. It is better if the storage tanks are made of glass or plastic.The can must be sealed to prevent bugs and moths.
Also canvas bags tied with ropes are perfect for this purpose. The room where the container will be located must be periodically ventilated.
Care must be taken to ensure that small insects do not start in bags or boxes with drying.Check and check for insect pills regularly.
In the future, dried tubers of Jerusalem artichoke can be crushed with a coffee grinder. The prepared powder is added to various drinks: tea, coffee, even milk. In addition, it will not be superfluous in vitamin preparations.
Use ground ground dried roots and in cosmetology. In combination with other natural products, such as honey or milk, you can make anti-aging facial masks from it.
Drying of Jerusalem artichoke process is not very time consuming, but bringing further tangible benefits. Any owner of this root can dry its tubers at any time. Dried earthen pear in its qualities is the same as fresh. A gentle method of drying allows you to keep the initial level of vitamins and trace elements. Consequently, a medicinal and nutritious product that can be used both inside and outside the body will always be stored in the house.
You will also be interested to read our articles about the methods of drying pepper and asparagus.