Cabbage is a popular and healthy product. It is rich in vitamins. Early varieties allow you to get fresh fruit in July. A detailed description of all the features will help you easily make a decision where and when you can use this variety of kazachok cabbage.
Characteristics and characteristics of the variety Kazachok F1
Cossack F1 is a hybrid of early ripening. The time from planting seedlings to full maturity is from 45 to 50 days. The head has a roundish greenish color. On the cut white or slightly yellowish tint. The density is average, usually weighing about 1.5 kg. Plant height 25-30 cm, head 20-25 cm in diameter. the stalk is small. Vegetable has a good fresh taste. Does not crack. Most often used fresh.
Advantages and disadvantages
Among the advantages due to which the Cossack gained popularity among gardeners are the following:
- Early harvest.
- Maintains to frosts to-5 degrees.
- Disease resistant black leg, mucous and vascular bacteriosis.
- The crop ripens at the same time, you can immediately release the whole garden.
- The head does not crack.
The disadvantages include intolerance to intense heat. In hot weather, growth slows down, and the head may not start at all.
Perhaps not everyone will like its fast simultaneous ripening. The disadvantage can be eliminated by planting the fruits of middle and late cabbage along with the variety Kazachok.Comparison of heads of early and late cabbage
How to grow seedlings
Planting and caring for a variety are similar to caring for cabbage varieties, only the timing of planting seeds for seedlings is different.
Begin sowing seeds in mid-March, 40-45 days before transplanting into the ground. To do this, use shallow containers. Before the earth is well shed water. Seeds are sown in rows, after germination they need to thin out. Next, maintain the temperature no higher than 6-7 degrees, otherwise the seedlings will begin to stretch and grow weak. After a week of quenching, we raise the temperature to 15 degrees during the day and 12 at night.
Days after 10, when the seedlings have two true leaves, it dives. This will improve the coverage of the plant and strengthen its root. Seedlings need to be deepened to cotyledon leaves, shortened roots by a third.
Use water above 18-20 degrees. Observing these care rules will help prevent the appearance of black legs.
It is also important to remember about good lighting. April is a short light day, so supplement the seedlings with artificial light. Use special phyto-lamps or simple fluorescent lights.
We create good conditions for growth
It all starts with a properly prepared garden bed. The plant needs a lot of light, it does not tolerate cold winds, planting shade from the northern streams. Good lighting it will get all day, if you have a ridge from north to south.
It should be remembered and predecessors. Cruciferous plants are not allowed. Good for this would be cucumbers, potatoes or onions.
The soil should be fertile, enriched with peat and humus, not acidic. To do this, add dolomite flour, which also increases the magnesium content, which improves the taste of the fruit.Soil with dolomite flour
The beds are better to cook in the fall. Remove crop residue, loosen the soil. We make organic and mineral fertilizers. In the autumn, you can make fresh manure, by spring it will burn out and will be useful. Add potassium and superphosphate. Sand or peat is mixed with heavy soils. In low places make high ridges, so that the plants are not soaked.
A good way to increase fertility and clean the soil is planting siderats. For this crop it is good to use cereals and legumes, mustard.
Transplant seedlings in open ground
If you have been preparing beds from autumn, there will be much less work. Loosen the soil, remove the weeds, add nitrogen fertilizers. Starting from the 5th of May, we transplant seedlings to a garden bed. We apply the planting scheme - 45 cm by 45 cm. We plant only healthy, strong plants. We fill the wells with water, bury the plants to the cotyledonary leaves.Choose cloudy days, planting plants, on sunny days, seedlings need to pritenyat the entire first week.
Further we water, we loosen, we feed. Hybrid Kazachok has resistance to various pests and rot, does not hurt the black leg. This makes care easier.Cabbage seedlings ready for grafting
How to care for plants in the open field
Cabbage loves heat and moisture. In the heat need watering at least three times a week, do not let the soil dry up. Watering should be in the evening, when less evaporation. Water should be warm. Abundant watering for early cabbage is important in July - during the formation of heads.
We mulch with peat, humus or just soil. Together with hilling it allows you to retain moisture and nourishes the roots. Cabbage is fed with complete mineral fertilizer (in the composition of phosphorus, nitrogen, potassium), with the addition of trace elements. The first doses of fertilizer are applied three weeks after landing in the ground.
Diseases and pests
The variety is highly resistant to blackleg and mucous bacteriosis; quite resistant to vascular bacteriosis and keel.
Cabbage diseases: downy mildew, gray and white rot, fusarium wilt. There are many drugs to combat them. It is better to use tools that are safe for humans and the environment. The drug "Fitosporin-M" is such and gives a good effect. It is useful to treat ridges with copper-based products: Bordeaux mixture, bankol, phobescide.
Cabbage pests include some butterflies and flea beetles. You can use "Fitoverm" or powdered plants with mustard, ground pepper, tobacco dust.
- Downy mildew on cabbage leaf close up
- The difference between white and gray rot on cabbage
Harvesting and preservation
With good weather conditions, this hybrid is ready for harvest in early July. The appearance of fresh vegetables, when others are not there, makes it popular. Rounded, dense, well transfers transportation, has a trade dress. Heads ripen at the same time, which is convenient for delivery to the market.
Cabbage stored for three months, does not rot, does not lose its taste.
The choice of cultivars for cultivation in the garden is a very important point. With a large selection of seeds on the market, you can always find what is convenient and beneficial for you.