New varieties of white cabbage can not know - so many of them have appeared lately, the old, proven know is necessary. Grade Nadezhda is grown for a long time and successfully gardeners, farmers and large agricultural enterprises. Using standard technology, get the heads of the optimal size, maturity, with a high content of useful trace elements.
Description and characteristics of the variety
Mid-season plant, ripens in the period 110-130 days from the appearance of sprouts. You can grow in all regions of the Russian Federation with the exception of the northern region, which includes Karelia, Murmansk and Arkhangelsk regions, the Komi Republic.
- Culinary dishes cooked with heat treatment.
The main characteristics of the variety:
- standard head size 3.5 kg.
- The stated yield is from 10 kg / m² to 14 kg / m². Landing scheme 0.6 * 0.6 m.
- The rounded flat cobs of dark green color have a short stump inside and a wax coating on the outer surface of the sheet.
The outlet in diameter is average - 70 cm. The structure of the head is dense, not prone to cracking. You can grow cabbage Hope by sowing seeds directly into the ground or through seedlings. The seedling is ready for transplant at the age of 25-30 days from germination.Head of cabbage hope
The advantages and disadvantages of the variety
For clarity, all the advantages and disadvantages of the variety are tabulated.
|yield is consistently high||may suffer from bacteriosis|
|good portability||Kila is amazed|
|nice look, good taste|
|does not crack|
|ideal raw materials for pickling|
|low susceptibility to infections|
|resistant to tsvetushnosti|
|can be grown in any region|
|stored for at least 5 months|
For obtaining in August-September a crop of the stated size, the seeds for seedlings are sown in April. Boxes for seedlings to cook in the fall. For their refueling mix in equal proportions:
- land from the garden.
Be sure to disinfect the soil, cooked with his own hands. Suitable pink solution of potassium permanganate. Cabbage seeds sow to a depth of 1.5 cm. Keep boxes in light, warm until the shoots appear. When the seeds are full, lower the temperature (10-15 ° C) and organize the backlight.
In greenhouses and greenhouses made of polycarbonate, it is easier to maintain an optimal regime for the growth of seedlings.Sowing seeds for seedlings
Growth conditions for this variety
When choosing a place, consider a number of factors that directly affect the quality of taste, size and structure of heads. The quality of the crop is affected by:
- Crop rotation.
- The quality of tillage.
Shadow, penumbra exclude. Garden beds should be lit all day by the sun. Otherwise, the cabbages will be loose, they accumulate excess nitrates. Fruits growing in the shade are kept worse. For the health of cabbage, it is imperative to observe crop rotation. Planted after gourds, sideratov and solanaceous.
Sour soil variety does not like. Lime the soil no more than once every 5 years. In between to lower the level of acidity, add ash, chalk, dolomite flour for digging.
The harvest stated in the description is obtained on cultivated soils with a sufficient amount of humus. The presence of weeds can provoke keels in plants.
How to prepare the soil for growing cabbage Hope
To get the full heads of cabbage, you need potassium, phosphorus, nitrogen and trace elements: copper, manganese, copper. The soil is depleted over the years, it is necessary to restore its fertility after each planting season.
Hope responds well to organics (manure, humus, compost) mixed with peat. Any organic fertilizer is recommended in the fall. Mineral substances (phosphorus, potassium, nitrogen) bring the same benefits when introduced in the fall and spring.
How to plant cabbage in open ground
Seedlings of middle-ripe cabbage varieties are planted after May 15. By this time, she has a well-formed, fibrous root system and a few leaves. This development of seedlings reaches in 2 weeks.
For seedlings you need to prepare the wells, placing them at a distance of 0.6 m from each other. Some gardeners prefer to plant cabbage in a groove dug to a depth of 25 cm.
Seedlings deepen to cotyledon leaves. Watering the soil after transplantation is abundant to a viscous condition of the soil. Planted in a well-moistened soil, the seedlings do not fade and quickly grows.
Seedlings can be priten for a week with buckets, drawers, cartons. In the shade, she suffers less from sunburn. When the topsoil dries out, plant watering. The recommended irrigation scheme is 1 time in 3 days. Water rate - 10 l / m².
Grade care after planting
After planting, infuse a mullein and pour a cabbage bed after 3 weeks (1 l per bucket). Watering cabbage plentifully from July to August at least once a week.
Loosen the soil weekly. Before the closure of the leaves of the plant, roll up the fold 2. Use the ashes for the prevention of diseases and root feeding. The rate of ash for dusting 1 square. m. soil 250 g. 2 weeks before cleaning watering stop.Planting cabbage seedlings
The table with the scheme of fertilization.
|Phase||Fertilizer||Quantity (g / m²)|
|10 days after landing in the ground||urea, superphosphate, potassium chloride||10:20: 20|
|heads are tied||urea, superphosphate, potassium chloride||10: 30: 15|
|14 days after the 2nd||superphosphate, potassium chloride||25: 15|
Diseases and their prevention
Rare planting cabbage does not suffer from caterpillars. The fine mesh stretched over the ridge will help protect cabbage leaves from voracious pests. Many gardeners use drugs for pests:
Manual collection of caterpillars and cold water from the plumbing system helps. The leaves can be washed in the evening with a stream of water, the ground under the heads after the "shower" loosen.
To prevent diseases and pests, dust the soil with ashes or dolomite flour. Aisle loosen. Remove damaged leaves. Weed grass regularly pluck.Caterpillars on cabbage leaf
Harvesting and storage rules
Hope, which endured a minus temperature below -6 ° C, is poorly stored and loses its product quality. A short decrease in temperature from -2 ° C to -3 ° C is permissible.
The cabbage intended for winter storage should be lowered into the cellar when frost occurs. Crop harvested for fermentation can be stored in cold rooms.. Experts in fermentation believe that the cabbages are ready for salting, if they suffered frost on the ground to -4 ° C.
Do not hesitate and choose for planting cabbage grade Hope. Not difficult care of her will provide seven heads for pickling and winter storage.