Dried chaga helps treat cancer, diabetes, stomach ailments, infections, psoriasis and dozens of other diseases. Mushroom strengthens the immune system, increases mental alertness and body tone. It is necessary to collect properly and dry at home. It should be at least 80 rubles per 100 g without this guarantee of freshness and quality. But valuable medicine can be collected and dried by yourself. We will tell about it in this article.
Proper collection of chaga
Chagu can be found in mixed forests or in a birch grove. It is a parasitic fungus that settles on the trunks of deciduous trees and feeds on their cell sap. However, only the birch species has healing properties.
Raw materials are collected at any time of the year.
It is believed that during the spring sap flow and preparation of birch for the winter, mushrooms absorb the maximum amount of nutrients. Therefore, the main workpiece chaga do in the fall and spring.
- Environmental friendliness. Mushrooms quickly accumulate toxic substances: radionuclides, heavy metals, etc. Therefore, chaga cannot be collected in forests located near industrial enterprises, factories and highways.
- Selection Chaga has good qualities, cut from live or freshly cut trees. It is not necessary to collect mushrooms, located on the dead or close to the ground. In them, the amount of nutrients is greatly reduced.
- Cut. Mushrooms cut down with an ax, cut with a sharp knife or saw at the base. Immediately cleaned of bark, pieces of wood, cobwebs and insects.
Chagu is often confused with tinder, which also grows on a birch tree. The form of the tinder is hoof-shaped, the mushroom has a velvety or smooth surface of a light shade. Always oval or rounded with a dark surface, numerous tubercles and cracks.
Why do I need to dry the mushroom
The therapeutic properties of the fungus are due to the content of: melanin, betulin, sterols, carboxylic acids, phenols, amino acids, flavonoids, micro- and macroelements.Chaga - the strongest biostimulator
In a cut mushroom, enzymatic and oxidative reactions are accelerated. Raw materials quickly lose nutrients, darken and can become moldy. Therefore, it needs to be processed faster.
To do this, use different methods of shrinkage. This is a complex biochemical process during which moisture evaporates from the fungus under the influence of high temperature. Shrink can naturally.
Dry as horrible impossible.
Before drying, the raw materials are cleaned. With a sharp knife they remove the dark bark, particles of a birch tree, and a light, friable base at the place where the mushroom clings to the trunk of the tree. The result should be a hard and tan material. It is cut into small pieces 5-6 cm in diameter.
Since the fungus is very hard, it breaks when pierced. Therefore, to dry it on a string in a suspended state will not work. Chagu is dried only in the unfolded form.
Ways to dry birch mushroom
According to the requirements of the pharmacopoeia, the residual moisture in the chagum after drying should not exceed 14%. It is difficult to control the home for this indicator. At an average temperature of 40 ° C and low humidity, it will take 7-10 hours to dry. Since the spread of time is large, it is better to focus on external signs of the chaga. Well dried pieces are wrinkled, black with a dark brown core, odorless.
Drying in the dryer
For better drying of the fungus, it is recommended to use the VOLTERA 1000 Lux device. This is the best way for artificial drying chagi. The device keeps the set temperature, provides air flow and moisture removal. The mode of operation of the dryer is designed for drying, taking into account the maximum safety of nutrients.Production drying chaga
For drying, pieces of chaga are laid out on the trays of the dryer and set to a temperature of 40 ° C. During the process, the upper and lower trays are swapped every 1-2 hours.
The disadvantage of the method is only conditional - the dryer must be purchased. But she quickly justifies the money invested, especially in farms with her garden. Chaga is a rather specific mushroom for drying in the dryer. It is much easier to dry it with onions, carrots or potatoes.
The raw material laid out on a baking tray is placed in the oven. To remove evaporated moisture, the oven door is left ajar.
The plus of this method of drying is availability, a stove with an oven is in any home. Cons - it is difficult to control the temperature and ventilation, the oven will be occupied for 7-8 hours, the heat comes out of the door ajar. Even with careful control, it loses more nutrients than when processed in an electric dryer.
Excellent in the oven dried pepper and pumpkin.
In the Russian stove
It is necessary to flood the furnace in advance. When the furnace cools down to t +50 ° C, coal and ash are removed from it.
Laid out on a baking sheet. Placed in the oven on pre-prepared stand or bricks, so that the bottom of the pan does not come into contact with the bottom of the oven.Before drying the chaga in the Russian stove, it is necessary to take into account that it warms up to a temperature of more than 300 ° C and cools down rather slowly.
During drying, there is an active evaporation of moisture from the raw material, which must be removed from the furnace. Therefore, the valve is put on the stand, leaving a small gap below for air flow from the room. The upper part of the flap slightly tilts back to remove moist air.
The chimney is opened slightly on 2/3 of the valve, as the raw material dries out, it is gradually covered, 15-20 before the end of drying, it is closed tightly.
Pros - drying in the Russian oven is more gentle than processing in the oven. Cons - the complexity and duration.
Not all furnaces keep heat for a long time, they may not be able to dry out.
Natural drying at home
In the summer it is convenient to dry on the veranda or balcony. In the autumn and winter near the heating devices. To do this, the raw materials can be placed on the windowsill or table next to the battery.
Best conditions for drying:
- air temperature - + 18-25 ° С;
- air humidity not more than 55%;
- no access to sunlight;
- regular room ventilation.
Approximate drying time - 14-20 days. All this time, the raw materials are periodically turned over and checked. Chunks of mold are picked and discarded until it has spread to healthy mushrooms.
The advantages of natural drying - low cost, availability, maximum safety of active substances. Cons - the duration and complexity of controlling the process. In regions with high humidity, raw materials can quickly become moldy.
Mushrooms should not be placed next to products with a specific smell or chemicals. Raw materials quickly absorb any substance. The mushroom retains useful properties up to two years.
From it prepare infusions, alcoholic tinctures, teas, butter and even kvass. The drug is especially valuable for cancer patients after chemotherapy, it helps to recover and prevents the appearance of metastasis. There are no analogues among natural resources.