Among the vegetables, favorites used for summer salads and winter harvesting, not the last place is eggplant. Nutritional value and unique perception of seasoning is highly valued not only by professional chefs, but also by ordinary housewives. Therefore, in their gardens, many grow blue fruit, but growing eggplant is troublesome and not every gardener can boast of a big harvest. Like other plants, eggplant and its seedlings are susceptible to various diseases. The article discusses the main ones, as well as provides methods for combating, including folk, with diseases.
The main diseases of eggplant and seedlings
Eggplant is a capricious crop, and even with proper care, plants can be affected by various diseases. Knowing what to do and how to deal with misfortunes, plus an instantaneous response and properly selected treatment tools will help to localize the problem and prevent the spread of pathogens throughout the site.
What to process against late blight
Charaaakteriziruetsya education on the leaves of rusty spots with yellowish or pale green framing. Breeding fungus infects the stem. In rainy weather a whitish plaque can be found on the bottom of the leaf, which is a sign of sporulation. With the development of late blight infection of the fruit occurs, which become covered with brown spots and deform.
Existing drugs for late blight are divided into 2 types: for the prevention of disease and treatment. The most popular means of biological origin: Baktofit, Fitosporin-M. If the treatment was ineffective, apply chemical solutions: Thanos, Acrobat, Ridomil Gold.Phytophthalosis eggplant
How to deal with tobacco mosaic
Viral disease, recognized by characteristic spots on the leaves. Light green blotches are located near the veins, with time they grow and merge. In the late stage, the midpoint of the hearth darkens and dies off. Underdeveloped fruits with low taste qualities are formed on the affected bushes.
As a preventive measure, spraying the bed 1 time in 10 days with a milky solution (1 l of milk and 20 grams of grated soap) is carried out. Not less effective are: Fitosporin and Uniflor-micro.
Fungal disease that occurs mainly due to excess moisture in the air and soil. The reason may also be covered in cold weather when planting seedlings. The fungus infects the root system of eggplant, resulting in a whitish plaque on the stem. Disturbance of nutrient intake and developing microorganisms lead to the death of a shoot.
As a preventive measure, it is recommended that one time in 10 days be used to powder a bed of wood ash or chopped chalk. If any lesions are found, remove them and dispose of them.
- Tobacco mosaic on the sheet
- White fruit rot
- Gray rot on eggplant
What to do with gray mold
Recognized by the characteristic dark watery spots that cover the leaves, the stem and even the fruit. The ideal environment for the development of a fungal infection is heat (+ 20 ° C) and high humidity (air and soil). Spores persist in the ground for 2 years, infecting subsequent crops, so it is important to carefully harvest plant waste from the garden and disinfect.
The following agents are used for treatment: Thanos, Fundazol, Bayleton, Acrobat. If you can not stop the reproduction of the fungus, then the bush must be removed from the site and disposed of by burning.
Black bacterial spotting
Identify the disease can be on black spots on the sheets and yellow edging. Over time, the affected area increases, and convex areas with watery edges appear on the fruit. Sores covered with vegetables become unusable. The disease is rapidly developing at high humidity and a temperature of about + 30 ° C. The source of infection can be both seeds and soil, so disinfection is carried out before planting.
As a preventive measure and treatment, the beds are sprayed with Bordeaux mixture, Hom, Oxyh, Acrobat.
Signs of the disease are considered: the formation of constriction on the root neck and wilting of the plant. In identifying the disease, it is necessary to treat the bush with Trichodermine. If the treatment does not give a result, the escape is removed from the bed and burned. The soil must then be decontaminated in order to localize the affected area.
Black leg is a fungal infection that is transmitted through infected seeds and soil.
- Bacterial Spotting on Eggplant Sheet
- Bacterial spotting on eggplant
- Black leg seedlings
The main pests of eggplant
Insect pests can also significantly reduce yields. The danger is that the larvae and the parasites themselves easily survive the winter in plant debris and soil. Experienced gardeners, for good reason, advise to disinfect all seed and soil before planting. By spending a minimum amount of time and money on preparation, it is possible to avoid infection of young shoots and ripening fruits.
How to get rid of aphids
The danger of pests lies in their ability to affect not only young shoots, but also adult fruiting bushes. The population of parasites is increasing at an incredible rate, so you should not postpone processing. You can recognize the problem by the withered bush species, twisted leaves, fallen ovaries.
- choice for planting illuminated and well-ventilated area;
- soil moisture adjustment;
- disinfection of seeds and soil before planting;
- weed control;
- removal of affected leaves.
With the rapid detection of aphids in the greenhouse you can spray planting infusion of onion peel (tobacco dust, potato tops). If the affected area is significant enough, special preparations are indispensable (Akarin, Fitoverm).
The habitat of the parasite is the lower part of the leaf. For the extraction of cellular juice, spider mite damages the leaves, tightening them with a net. Insect differs by gluttony, so it is not worth delaying with processing. In just a few days he is able to destroy a bush.
- thorough cleaning of beds from debris and plant residues in the autumn;
- digging up the soil before frost;
- timely weed control.
In case of mass lesions, it is necessary to treat the beds using special preparations: Neoron, Aktellik, Konfidor, etc. The procedure is repeated several times with an interval of 10 days.
- Spider mite on eggplant
- Spider mite close up
- Eggplant Whitefly
Danger for eggplant are the larvae of the whitefly. They are laid by the insect on the back of the leaf. The leaves first look wilted, then dry and fall. The larvae drink the juice intensively, depriving the plant of strength.
- disinfection of the site and seeds;
- timely weed control.
This can be done with the help of: Citzkor, Actellik, Fufanon.
Knowledge helps to quickly recognize the symptoms of a problem, which will give an opportunity to gain time to solve it. Then hopes for a bountiful harvest will not be ghostly.