Tomatoes varieties "Dar Zavolzhye" have long conquered the hearts of gardeners with their taste and unpretentiousness. This is one of those tomatoes that will not leave even the inexperienced novice gardeners without a crop. In the article we will talk about its merits, as well as present the characteristics and description.
Description and characteristics of tomato Dar Dar Volga
The plant has a limited growth, reaches a height of not more than 70 cm. The stem is stout, thick, the number of leaves is average. Up to 8 brushes with large, flat tomatoes develop on the stem. It has a well-developed rhizome. The leaves are light green, wrinkled, not pubescent medium size.
Tomato refers to medium earlythe crop ripens after 110 days after the emergence of shoots.
The mass of one tomato is about 80-100 g. You can grow as an open field, in those regions for which it is bred, and in greenhouses, if the climate is more severe.The mass of fruits of the variety is about 80-100 grams
The originator is the GNU Volgograd Experimental Station VNIIR them. N. And, Vavilova of the RAAS. The grade is intended for cultivation in the Central, Vologda, North Caucasian regions. However, gardeners have experimentally proved the acceptability of growing this variety in more severe conditions.
The advantages and disadvantages of the variety
- For the variety is characterized by a close return of the crop.
- Due to the low growth, it is not necessary to cut the tops of the shoots.
- It has good sweet taste.
- Resistant to cracking, good transportability.
- High yielding grade.
Requirements for soil for planting
Best fruits grow on chernozem soils. For plants of this variety it is very important that the soil is breathable and saturated with moisture.
Feels good on light loamy and sandy soils, but with competent care.
Sowing rulesTomato Seeds Dar Zavolzhye
Sow tomatoes best in the middle of March. Before planting, seeds should preferably be treated with a pale pink solution of potassium permanganate to prevent the development of diseases. You can additionally soak the seeds in some growth stimulator for a couple of hours.
The future harvest depends on the quality of the soil for seedlings. And you can cook yourself. For this, garden soil is taken, mixed with humus or peat 1: 1, sand is added, if the soil is heavy, and superphosphate.
Seeds are buried in the soil to a depth of 2 cm, the same distance should be between adjacent plants. Next, they need to be watered well, it is better to spray it out, so that the soil is not washed away, and cover with a transparent film or glass.
For the emergence of seedlings needed sunlight and constant temperature. It is desirable to grow seedlings on the southern windowsill, where there are no drafts.
After seed germination, the film must be removed so that the seedlings do not get sick with a black leg due to high humidity. If it is not possible to provide young tomatoes with bright lighting, you can additionally illuminate the seedlings with UV lamps.
Transplantation of tomatoes in open groundPlanting seedlings in the ground is made in May
Tomatoes are planted in open ground in Maywhen the threat of recurrent frost has passed. In heated greenhouses can be planted earlier.
The distance between adjacent plants should be 40 cm, and between the rows - 60 cm. In the soil you need to make a small hole, pour a handful of humus or peat into it, a little complex fertilizer or cow manure.
Put the root in the hole, it is allowed to deepen it, pour it abundantly and cover it with earth. Be sure to compact the soil at the root, but do not ram. It is important that no air bags remain, but the oxygen permeability is maintained.
Grade care after transplanting
"Gift of the Volga region" - photophilous varietytherefore, it cannot be planted even in partial shade. The most comfortable temperature for the plant is +22 degrees and +18 degrees for the soil.
In a strong heat not bad mulch the soil peat or grass to protect the roots from overheating. In addition, mulching helps to avoid drying out of the soil and impaired oxygen metabolism. Otherwise, abundant watering and frequent loosening are necessary.Mulching helps to avoid drying out of the soil and impaired oxygen metabolism.
The formation of ovaries occurs better at high humidity, so in strong heat it is not bad to spray flowering plants.
For the variety is characterized by the simultaneous formation of a large number of ovaries. Therefore, plants need tie up in order to avoid breaking stalks. For grade normally education stepsons, will have to remove them.
You can also pick off 1-2 extreme flowers in the brush, so that the fruits are larger. If a tomato is grown in a greenhouse, then regular airing is necessary. From high humidity late blight can develop on both leaves and fruits.
Required feed Tomatoes. Once every two weeks you can make complex fertilizers, manure or nitrogen-containing compounds.
With the beginning of flowering, the introduction of nitrogen is stopped, because it will stimulate the growth of greenery. But you can continue to feed complex fertilizers. If the stems have acquired a purple hue, then it is necessary to fertilize phosphorus-containing compounds, although more often it is necessary for seedlings.
Diseases and their prevention
Spraying with a weak solution of copper sulfate will help to cope with the first ailment (10 g of the drug is taken for 10 liters of water). The second problem will help to deal with wood ash, which should be sprinkled with the soil under the tomato.
How to get seed varieties for the next year
Tomato seeds can be harvested on their own. To do this, select large ripe fruit of the correct form on a healthy plant. Seeds are squeezed out and washed well, and then dried in the sun (possible on the windowsill). Store the collected seeds in a paper or cloth bag.
The “gift of the Volga region” refers mainly to salad varieties and is grown commercially for these purposes. But gardeners successfully harvest them for the winter in a variety of forms, which indicates the universality of this variety.