Tomato cultivar Stolypin - an excellent tomato culture. It is considered one of the new ones, but has already managed to gain popularity among many gardeners. Choosing for cultivation tomato novelties, it is recommended to pay attention to this crop, its description and characteristics, which gives an excellent harvest of large, even, oval-shaped fruits.
Description and characteristics of tomato Stolypin
The plant is obliged by its origin to Russian breeders. Shrubs determinant, reaching sixty centimeters you height. The plant is well grown not only in greenhouse conditions, but also in open beds, even if the natural conditions are not the most favorable.
Tomato is not a hybrid, refers to early maturing varieties, from the appearance of the first shoots to the beginning of the ripening of tomatoes passes just over three months.
Bushes are covered with medium-sized foliage of dark green color. A characteristic difference of the plant is the formation of simple flowers and the presence of joints on the fruit legs. The stem grows until it forms several fruiting brushes. Ovary and buds appear almost simultaneously. At this growth in the height of the bushes stops.
The yield of the variety allows you to collect up to 8 kg tomatoes from each square meter of beds in the greenhouse.Fruits of a grade are similar to cream and their average weight is about 100 grams
Tomatoes look like cream, slightly elongated and oval. The skin is smooth, strong enough and dense, protects the fruit from cracking. The weight of one tomato reaches 120 grams, fruit color is pink, less often - red. The flesh is juicy.
Use ripe fruit can be for salads, canned. Tomatoes are well stored, transported over long distances. For this reason, Stolypin is recommended for dilution for commercial purposes.
The advantages and disadvantages of the variety
The main features of the culture include the following features:
- excellent taste, high level of juiciness;
- resilience to cold climatic conditions;
- unpretentiousness of the plant, the ability to resist late blight;
- excellent yield among the other early ripe varieties;
- ability to grow in any region of Russia.
Requirements for soil for planting
The soil composition for culture should be distinguished by good fertility. For growing seedlings in the planting tanks poured a substrate prepared from river sand, peat and wood ash. All components must be thoroughly mixed, spilled with manganese solution and moistened well.
The beds intended for further cultivation of culture should be located in a well-lit place, have protection from strong winds. Dig up the soil, loosen. Fertilizer is added to the prepared well, sprinkling it with soil so as not to burn the root system.
The best ancestors of tomato Stolypin - onions, carrots, legumes, cucumbers and cabbage.
Sowing rulesTomato seeds Stolypin
Planted seeds for seedlings need in late March - early April. Planting material is pretreated with manganese solution, washed with water. Seeding of seeds into the ground is carried out at a depth of two to three centimeters.
The first shoots appear after four to seven days. At this time, they will need a sufficient amount of light, for which, if necessary, dawn light is organized.
Watering is necessary in moderate doses. After the seedlings form a pair of true leaves, it should be dived into separate cups filled with nutritious soil.
In the process of growing seedlings recommended two - three times to feedusing mineral compounds. A couple of weeks before moving the seedlings to a permanent place, it should start tempertaking out to the open air.
The method differs in a later date of performance, makes it possible to save space in the room and strength. Such seedlings are characterized by excellent hardening, grow strong, perfectly accustomed to weather conditions. When transplanting, they take root well in another garden bed.
Transplantation of tomatoes in open groundThe seedlings are transplanted into the ground at the age of 50-70 days
This procedure can be performed when the seedlings are old. between fifty and seventy days. The seedlings are moved to the greenhouse in May, and to open beds in June, when the threat of night frosts disappears completely. Landing is performed according to the scheme "70 to 30" centimeters.
Grade care after transplanting
Culture does not need special care. It should be fed organic fertilizer once every seven days, watered with warm water regularly.
The soil in the beds is mulched with straw or mowed grass to reduce the amount of watering and protect the beds from weeds.
How to shape the stem for a bountiful harvest tomato
Paceny plant forms, but their number is quite small, many gardeners bushes do not stepchildren. It will be better if the bushes are formed three stalks. They will themselves resist wind impacts. But it will not be superfluous if you install support pegs near the plants and perform a garter.It is desirable to install a support near the bushes and tie them up.
Diseases and their prevention
Tomato culture Excellent against late blight and other diseases inherent in solanaceous plants. But as a preventive measure of planting, it is recommended to treat with special fungicidal compositions.
Variety Stolypin today is considered one of the delicious tomato plants. Anyone who wants to be convinced of this can calmly grow a culture in his garden plot.