Some in the garden of dill - like weeds. They do not know where to go from the green, so as not to clog other cultivated plants. And some people have to sweat a lot to grow and get a good harvest of green and fragrant leaves.
The problem may lie in the conditions of growing greens, and in the correct planting of seeds. To deal with this issue, it is worth considering everything as detailed as possible.
How to easily grow dill in the open field and greenhouse
In general, dill is an unpretentious plant and it is not necessary to adhere to any special requirements for the harvest. But still there are nuances that allow you to grow green, lush and fragrant greens.
The main thing is that the soil was fertile and rich in trace elementsenough light and moisture. This plant is light-loving, it needs more than 12 hours of light per day to produce green leaves.
Most often, gardeners recommend preparing and growing seedlings in a greenhouse, and then plant them in open ground with the onset of heat.
Seed preparationDill seeds
To get a good harvest of greens it is recommended to plant the seeds before planting:
- Place the dill seeds under the cheesecloth in a glass jar for a couple of minutes and fill with hot water, but not more than 60 degrees, otherwise they will weld.
- Then within three days, it is necessary to germinate seeds in water at room temperature. Wherein it is recommended to change the water every 8 hours. Thus, you can get rid of essential oils that slow down the shoots.
- In the end, the seeds need to be dried and can be used for planting.
Seeds that float in containers with water must be removed. You can not throw them away, but use as seasoning. But they are not suitable for seedlings.
In this case, we do not wait for the emergence of shoots. As the process of planting is complicated. If they are unsuccessful to throw in the furrow, you can damage or completely leave the seedlings.
Sowing dill on greens in open ground and greenhouse
Dill can be grown in open ground or in a greenhouse. However, most gardeners advise grow seedlings in the greenhouse, and then transplant them in the garden. This will significantly increase the yield of greenery and provide themselves with it for the whole season.
Planting in greenhouse conditionsSeed preparation
Once you have selected the appropriate variety of dill and prepared fertile soil, it is recommended to start planting the seeds:
- First you need to prepare the seeds. Their soaked for two days in a container of waterevery two hours changing the water. This will eliminate the effect of essential oils, and earlier the first shoots will appear.
- Soil in the boxes carefully moisturized and loosened.
- Creating grooves is worthwhile with the distance between them in 0.15 m.
- Strongly fill the ground furrow is not worth it. Dill will be difficult to break. The soil is lightly sprinkled over the seeds, and then moistened with a sprayer.
Planting in open ground
It is recommended to plant dill seeds May or April. It all depends on the particular climatic conditions. At the same time grooves with a depth of not more than 20 mm are made.
Per square meter of land recommended to use about two grams of seeds. Thus, you should have about 20 bushes, with the observance of the distance between individual plants 50-70 mm.To get about 20 bushes per 1m2, planted about 2 grams of seeds
Greens can be planted in rows. But in this case, they will definitely have to break through two weeks after the shoot. Torn out plants do not have to be thrown away, they are perfect for transplanting to another place like seedlings.
Dill is a cold-resistant plant. He is ok can withstand temperatures as low as -4 degrees Celsius. That is why it can be planted in the soil in early spring.
Departure immediately after landing
Dill, though unpretentious plant, but to achieve a good harvest, it is necessary to take care of him:
- It is recommended to make watering of greens as necessary, approximately, 1-2 times a week. Ensure that the soil is wet and not too dry.
- Earth periodically stands loosen, avoiding the formation of a crust at the base of the bush.
- Weeds pull up as they appear, so that they do not interfere with the growth of greenery.
- Ranks are better periodic spud.
Rules of growing on beds
Growing dill in the open field has its own characteristics. Here you need to choose the land and fertilize it if necessary. After all, dill loves fertile soil.
Particular attention should be paid to the illumination of the place where the greens will grow.
Temperature and lightingDill needs a sunny, well-lit place
In order for the plants to germinate and the first shoots appear, it is necessary to ensure the temperature within + 3 + 5 degrees. But best of all, if it is + 17 + 20 degrees. On darkened beds, you also get a harvest, but it will take more time and the color may not be as saturated.
Dense and saturated greens are formed during a day at 10-12 hours, whereas for the appearance of high-quality seeds, the time should be increased to 16 hours per day.
Weeding and loosening
Weeding and loosening of the land on which dill grows, occurs as needed. It is important to prevent the formation of a crust on the soil and constantly loosen it.
Lack of weeds will allow the bushes to grow faster, because they can not take nutrients from the soil and obscure the cultivated plants.
Necessary fertilizers in the phase of active growth
If the planting of dill will be made in fertile soil, the use of additional fertilizer complex can be avoided. When the land does not differ in such qualities, you need to use fertilizers.For greenhouse growing conditions, you can feed ammonium nitrate
For greenhouse plants, it is recommended to feed the soil twice a month. ammonium nitrate or peat, distributing at the very base of the bush. The fact that dill lacks nitrogen will become clear immediately after the appeared yellowing on the leaves.
If we talk about the autumn fertilizing of soil with organic fertilizers, it is necessary for every square meter of land about 4 kg of manure or 5 kg of compost.
You can pick greens throughout its growth. But here for the preparation and storage of dill is to choose a certain time before the formation of inflorescences. The height of the bush reaches 0.3 m.
You can grow greens in greenhouse conditions, and in the garden. There is no particular difference in this case, the requirements remain the same. But they are easy to perform. Fertile soil, sufficient lighting and humidity. Minimum effort and you are provided with greenery for a whole year.