Pumpkin deservedly enjoys a reputation among gardeners: it is an indispensable source of carotene and various vitamins. It is not only tasty, but also useful. Grow it in all regions of the country in the open field.
Each gardener, for sure, has a desire to plant this berry if he, at least once, has planted it in his area.
As a result of the fruitful activity of breeders, the species and varieties of these plants are very numerous. In the article we will look at this procedure in the care, as the correct nip and the formation of the bush.
Vegetable is an unpretentious plant when grown, besides, it does not require any special conditions of the content. But if at the time when the plant is ripening, the cultivation of the stems is not given due attention, then you can be left without a crop. Therefore, pinching is a very important procedure in the care of this plant, and directly affects the weight of the fruit and the quality of the crop.
Why do you need to pinch the plant in the open ground?
To answer the question, you need to understand how the stem of the plant develops. From the seed planted to the formation of a new seed, the plant develops in twelve stages of morphogenesis. The bud of the growing season is transformed into a flower on the third step. In annual plants like pumpkin, the formation of flowers in conception occurs on the seventh day.
In other words, the young process of a berry, having a phase of 3-4 leaves, already has an ovary for maturation. Therefore, the task of the gardener is to accurately know the mechanism of formation of ovaries and pinch the branch for the growth of female flowers. With this operation, the number of fruit bearing branches is adjusted.
It is necessary to understand that for full ripening of vegetables, it is enough to leave 2-3 lashes of the plant in order to get up to seven fruits, of average size.
Types and varieties of pumpkins
With all the variety of species and varieties, these vegetables are divided into two main types, - bush and multiple-leaf pumpkins. In multiple-leaf plants, all lashes should be sent in a certain direction, making timely pinching, pinching and cutting of interfering leaves.
Cluster types of pumpkins have small internodes and many shoots. On the main shoot the first fruit is formed and it must be pinched. They need to form a shrub: remove side shoots that do not bear fruit, and unwanted leaves. After such procedures, the fruits will ripen faster and their quality will improve.
Pumpkins are conventionally divided by purpose:
- Decorative pumpkins. Such vegetables are mainly for crafts;
- Feed. In these varieties, the name speaks for itself: they are used to feed animals;
- Dining varieties. These varieties are common everywhere and dwell on them in more detail.
By the long-eyed mind refers Vitamin, late and high-yielding pumpkin. Fruits weighing up to 6 kg, thin, with a short oval, orange-red flesh, have a high content of carotene.
With early ripening, the Little Red Riding Hood variety also has high yields: one plant can produce up to 20 fruits. They are thick-skinned, have a small weight, with a very interesting shape, resembling a turban. Lash length up to 3 meters.
Early ripe grade Smile constantly pleases gardeners with their yield. On one bush it forms and matures up to 6-7 fruits. Vegetables are small, from one to two kilograms, orange in color, have a sweet, fragrant taste.
Pumpkin Kustovoy Golden has large fruits up to 3 kg, round flattened shape. The fruit ripens on the 90th day. The pulp of the berry is yellow, - juicy, slightly sweetish.
Of the bush species, the variety Gribovskaya bush should also be noted. The variety grows very compact, since it has no branches, with 1 m2 You can collect up to 8 kg of fruit. Vegetables are orange in color, very juicy and sweet to taste and can be stored for a long time.
- Sort smile
- Pumpkin gribovskaya duktodorya
- Little Red Riding Hood
- Vitamin Crop Pumpkin
- Pumpkin bush gold
Pinching and shaping pumpkins
It is necessary to pinch the stalks so that 4-6 leaves are saved over each developing fruit. Depending on the variety and region, as well as on weather conditions, decide how much to leave the ovary. It is recommended to leave 1-4 ovaries. Experienced gardeners are advised to do pruning stems with different options, that is, leave one plant with one stem, another with two, and so on.Selection and preparation of a pumpkin shoot to pinch
There are different schemes:
- In one stem. Forming a plant in one stem, you need to remove all side shoots and unnecessary ovary to remove immediately after their formation. Leave 2-4 on the main stem. After the final ovary, leave 4-6 leaves and in this place pinch the "growth point" to pinch part of the procedure, on the branches you need to cut off all the flowers - both female and male inflorescences.
- In two stalks, the classic way. Leave two fruits on the main whip, and one on the side. On the side shoots save 3-4 leaflets and pinch the tops.
- In three stalks, one main with 2-3 pumpkins and two side with one fruit;
When processing a vegetable, it is necessary to simultaneously form it. To do this, thin out the leaves on the left shoots, remove excess axillary shoots and direct the whips in a certain direction with each whip not prikopyat, then the wind can turn them and twist the whip, which will negatively affect the growth of the plant.
Also, when watering pripatannyh internodes lash, the plant will receive additional food. In another embodiment, if the planting of vegetables made near the fence, then the shoots can be hung on it. Then, when the berries ripen, place them during growth in any nets and tie them to the fence.Pinching a pumpkin pruner
After all these manipulations, all nutritious juices will be sent to the left fruits.
In conclusion, I would like to note that pumpkin, with proper care, will give excellent harvest. This is a product that is useful and accessible to everyone. It only remains to include it in your diet, and the result will not take long. With its use, you can not only lose weight, but also provide your body with useful trace elements.