Succinic acid is an inexpensive drug that perfectly stimulates plant growth. Dissolved in water, it is used when soaking seed material, cuttings, it processes root systems, sprays foliage. Below in the article we will discuss how to use it for seedlings of cucumbers, tomatoes and other crops.
Description and characteristics of succinic acid
This substance is obtained in the process of processing amber. White powder, consisting of the smallest crystals, its taste is similar to citric acid. He is unable to replace fertilizer complexes, but he is able to give plants a good incentive to grow.
Succinic acid tablets (0.1 g) or in powder capsules (1 g each) are sold. For use in gardening, it is recommended to purchase a powder composition. In addition, in pharmacies, it is also possible to find acid in the form of tablets. They contain additional impurities.Succinic acid tablets
Crystals of an acid dissolve with water, alcohol or ether. In plant farming, it is customary to use only water-based solutions. It is produced succinic acid powders, tablets and crystals.
Previously, it was used in canning, pickling cabbage. But then they forgot about the beneficial properties of such a substance, and only a couple of decades ago, the unusual qualities of the drug were rediscovered. It turned out that it not only has a positive effect on plants, but also has a beneficial effect on the human body.
After treatment with succinic acid, you can achieve certain results:
- plants better resist cold and drought, can fight diseases on their own;
- if the solution treats the seedlings and then shed the plants once or twice during the growing season, then the process of fruit ripening can be accelerated, the sugar and vitamins can be raised in them;
- soaking seeds before planting will ensure their maximum germination, will accelerate growth;
- the amber preparation normalizes the microflora of the soil, improves the conditions necessary for the vital activity of microorganisms.
It is recommended to use such a stimulant for tomatoes with caution. An overabundance of compounds trapped in the soil can cause opposite results.
Instructions for use
The drug is considered safe, it has no negative effects on living organisms. Nevertheless, it is necessary to prepare solutions for watering or spraying taking into account all the recommendations. With the admission of an overdose do not worry, because the plant will absorb just as much drug as he needs.
Different situations apply different concentrations of the substance. To make a solution, a certain amount of the drug is diluted in warm water, then the remaining liquid is added to bring it to the required volume. As a rule, spraying is carried out with a solution that contains 0.02% of the substance.
To use the substance for tomatoes is necessary in the season of budding. It is recommended to perform three treatments at weekly intervals. The dosage is calculated at the rate of two grams of acid in two buckets of water. Such a measure will help to significantly increase the productivity of tomato bushes.
In a weakly concentrated solution (2 grams per twenty liters of water), seeds are soaked before planting for a day. This will ensure the cucumbers amicable shoots.Processing tomato with succinic acid solution
Tubers are processed before planting. The solution is sprayed over the planting material, the potatoes are covered for a couple of hours with plastic wrap. After that, the tubers are either immediately planted or left to germination. The solution should be 0.01-%, its application to accelerate the flowering process, increase yields.
Strawberry fans apply a solution based on the calculation of 0.75 g per bucket of water. Such a measure stimulates the development of roots, gives the plant resistance to hot weather and diseases, increases productivity.
Peppers need to spend three spraying. One is performed before flowering, two subsequent - after it.
Acid solution is applied in four ways:
- presowing treatment of seed material;
- treatment of cuttings to stimulate the formation of roots;
- soaking the roots of perennial plants at the time of their transplantation;
- spraying of crops.
Rules for working with the solution and dosage of tablets
The solution of succinic acid is considered a potent and active stimulant. It has a great effect on plants, but its direct contact with the human mucosa or into the gastrointestinal tract can lead to negative consequences. For this reason, when using the substance during spraying, care should be taken.Preparation of succinic acid solution
The drops which got on a body need to be washed away flowing water. After application, the solution in which seeds or cuttings are soaked should be immediately poured out, as its repeated use may become negative.
Working with the drug, it is enough to wear safety glasses and gloves made of latex material.
The prepared solution should not be stored. As a rule, it is used for several days, until it loses its useful qualities.
It should be noted that in many growth-stimulating drugs, there is a certain amount of succinic acid. But many prefer this additive in its pure form. Then you should buy the substance in specialized outlets, because the pharmacy version of the drug for use in hydroponics is not suitable.