It’s hard to imagine a garden plot without a cabbage lady, probably as hard as our dining table without her presence. If know the correct timing of its landing on seedlings and planting in the ground, it can be grown even in the Urals and in Siberia. But when planting cabbage seedlings in these areas, is it afraid of frost, and we'll talk in this review.
Terms of cabbage planting in Siberia and the Urals
In the harsh climate of Siberia, cabbage is grown in seedlings so that it can mature in a short summer before the onset of the Siberian cold and frost.
In terms of ripening is divided into early, middle and late. Naturally, the timing of sowing seeds for seedlings and planting grown up and strong seedlings in the ground is different. Sowing seeds of early cabbage for seedlings should be in spring in early April, middle and late in the second half of the month.Planting cabbage seeds for seedlings
Transplanting seedlings into the open ground is done at the age of 40-45 days from the moment of seed germination. Early varieties are planted approximately in mid-May, medium and late in late May. Landings are made when the threat of possible spring temperature drops is over.
As the folk omen says, it is possible to plant cabbage in open ground, after flowering of bird cherry, there should be no return frost.
Whether seedlings are afraid of frosts, what temperature can withstand
This is a rather cold-resistant culture, and it is able to withstand a decrease in temperature and small short-term frost. What is the minimum temperature that seedlings can withstand? Hardened seedlings tolerate short temperatures below -3 ÷ -4 ° C.Cabbage seedlings in ice
To save the seedlings from the low temperature, it is possible to apply the sprinkling method, smoking, but this is a night work and it is not always effective. To save seedlings, you can cover them with caps made of newspapers, wooden boxes, but much easier, more convenient and safer to cover the landing covering material density of 60under which the plants are able to withstand the outside temperature up to -7 ° C frost.Greenhouses protect cabbage seedlings from late frosts
Spring planting in open ground
Planting in open ground cabbage seedlings in Siberia is practically no different from planting it in other regions, except that with displaced terms and for harsh conditions, the plants must be properly hardened.
The first seedlings of early varieties are planted in the open ground, the next in line are color, Savoy, middle and late white.
By transplantation, seedlings with a fibrous root system and 3-5 well-developed leaves are considered ready.
- Cabbage seedling
- Planting cabbage seedlings in open ground
Soil preparation: what fertilizers to make
Place for planting choose open and well lit, with loose and moisture-permeable soil. Land for the cultivation of vegetables, it is desirable to prepare in the fall. It is cleared of weeds, brought under digging compost or humus and mineral fertilizers. Organics contribute at the rate of 3-4 kg per 1 m2, mineral fertilizers - 1 tablespoon of nitrophoska or superphosphate per 1 m2. If the use of mineral fertilizers for you is not acceptable enough to make a glass of wood ash per 1 m2.
It is good if siderarates were planted on the site before digging - rye, oats, lupine, fatselia, peas. These plants improve the structure of the soil and clean it from such dangerous cabbage disease as keel.
The best for growing this crop are weakly acidic or neutral soil, therefore, acidic soils in the autumn must be squeezed - to apply slaked lime, dolomite flour or wood ash for digging. Another reason for the need to deoxidize the soil is the fight against the keel of cabbage, which is rampant on acidic soils.
You can grow cabbage after cereals and legumes, tomatoes, onions, potatoes, peppers, cucumbers and beets.
Planting scheme and methods of growing
Each type of culture has its own landing pattern:
- early white and red - 30 * 50 cm;
- middle and late - 50 * 70 cm;
- Savoy - 70 * 30 cm;
- color - 30-60 cm;
- broccoli for good development of shoots - 40 * 60 cm;
- Kohlrabi - 30 * 40 cm.
Cabbage loves light and good airing, therefore You can stick to a more simple arrangement of plants in a row and between rows 50 * 50 cm.
If dual rowing is used, then, to avoid thickening, it is better to plant the second row in a staggered manner.
- Cabbage planting in twin rows
- Staggered cabbage planting scheme
- Growing cabbage in the open field in paired rows
When landing in single rows cabbage is well ventilated and it is free without close neighbors.
- Scheme single row planting cabbage
- Growing cabbage in one row
Cabbage plantations for better use of free space can be compacted by other crops. This plant is very good for neighbors with a shallow root system, such as parsley, legumes (they also enrich the soil with nitrogen), onions, spinach, salads, dill, carrots. The cabbage takes food from the deep layers of the earth, and no one bothers neighbors from the top and in such a community.
- Growing cabbage with other vegetables
- The scheme of compacted planting cabbage with other cultures
Planting seedlings is desirable to produce in cloudy weather or in the evening. Planted strong and healthy plants, if the seedlings have even the slightest signs of the disease it is rejected. Also come with weak plants that are either not planted, or planted last in the remaining area.
Neighbors can pick up and maturity. So next to the garden with early cabbage can be planted tomatoes and beets. After harvesting ripened cabbage in June, the remaining plants will develop normally further.
What to put in the hole in the spring and how much
If fertilizers have not been applied to a plot intended for growing cabbage in the fall, this can be done directly during planting. What to add to the hole when planting seedlings and how much?
In the hole with a diameter of 30-40 cm and a depth of 15-20 cm should be put 1 tbsp. a spoonful of wood ash, 1 teaspoon of urea and superphosphate, and of course putting humus, enriching and improving the structure of the soil. If on a piece of soil heavy perlite. All components of the planting well mix with the ground, pour a pink solution of potassium permanganate, or a solution of soda ash (a glass of soda in a bucket) and plant seedlings. Seedlings deepen the seedbed leaves and slightly compact the soil.
The cultivation of cabbage does not need to expend special efforts if adhere to planting dates and comply with agricultural practices. And you will be provided with this tasty and healthy vegetable all year round.