About the farm

The benefits and harm of green and black grapes

The constant replenishment of grape varieties with new hybrids makes it difficult to choose options for the garden plot. But there are favorites who deserved great popularity in a short period of time. Among them is Kishmish.

The composition of grapes of raisins

The main advantage of grapes is the lack of seeds in the berries. The composition includes a large amount of vitamins of the groups: B, C, E, PP, A, etc. In addition, the juicy pulp is rich in minerals that have a beneficial effect on the human body:

  • potassium;
  • iron;
  • magnesium;
  • calcium;
  • zinc;
  • iodine;
  • selenium, etc.
Closeup of grapes of raisins on bush

Eating grapes has a cosmetic and healing effect. Flavonoids slow down the aging process of the skin, and the vitamin composition has an antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effect. Therefore, it is important to replenish the body with useful trace elements that strengthen the immune system.

Kishmish grape is one of the few products that retains useful qualities not only in fresh form, but also after processing.

Calorie content

The average caloric value is about 230-280 Kcal, depending on the grade. The nutritional value is due to the high content of glucose, fructose and sucrose.. The daily ration of an adult’s diet is approximately 1,800 calories, and 100 grams of berries are not enough to eat, so it’s important not to gain extra pounds while eating the amazing gifts of nature.

Nutritionists limit the daily rate of grapes to 200 grams. and then subject to the correction of the rest of the menu. It is recommended to eat grapes in the morning, but in no case at night. Evening portion promotes active weight gain. In addition, the berries contain simple carbohydrates, contribute to the increase in blood sugar.

Useful and harmful properties of green and black varieties

The benefits of this type of grapes is invaluable. Trace elements and vitamins that make up the berries have a beneficial effect on the body:

  • strengthen protective functions;
  • soothe the nervous system;
  • improve the cardiovascular system;
  • reduce the risk of caries or inflammation of the gums.
Rice grapes growing in a greenhouse

Experts recommend to include raisins in the diet of hypotonic patients, patients with liver and kidney function problems.

Antioxidants that make up grapes protect cells from the damaging effects of radicals, help restore metabolic processes.

In addition to the use of the product in fresh form, wine is often consumed as an auxiliary treatment (in small doses), for example, for sore throat, bronchitis, and constipation. Raisins are complemented by diet meals or pastries.

There are many recipes in cosmetology that provide for the use of both berries (as a juice) and leaves. There is a high effect of masks and creams containing the grape component.

To a healthy product does not harm the body, it is important to remember some limitations. For example, you should not use a large number of berries at a time. Imperceptibly, you can raise blood sugar levels, triggering an attack. The abundance of sweet substances in the fruit has a devastating effect on the tooth enamel. Therefore, after eating, rinse the mouth with clean water or a special lotion.

Variety of Kish Misha

Kishmish grape appeared as a result of natural mutation during vegetative propagation. A little later, the varieties of varieties were bred different varieties, different in color (from light green to dark blue) and the term of ripening. All varieties are classified into classes (there are 4 of them). The first and second are the berries without stones, and 3 and 4 are inside the grain of different sizes. Such a factor is sometimes misleading consumers who believe that Kishmish cannot have seeds in its pulp.

The range of varieties allows you to expand the technology of processing grapes, in addition to raisins and wine, they learned how to make equally tasty and healthy jam, jam, fruit drink, etc.

The best varieties include the following raisin varieties:

  • Radiant;
  • Dream;
  • Aksaysky;
  • Red Rose;
  • Red flame;
  • Jupiter and others

Special attention is given to Far Eastern Kimmish, which is often confused with actinidia. - a plant that has no relation to the grapes. Where does this species grow? Breeders especially for regions with a harsh climate brought a variety of New (Taiga), withstanding severe frosts (-30 °). Grapes ripen in mid-August - early September. The average weight of the brush is 500-600 grams. Productivity is low, but stable. But resistance to fungal diseases is weak.

Not less interesting and tasty is Kishmish black. Berry's ideal taste qualities and commercial value are outweighed by another weighing scale with high demands on agricultural technology. To shoot a consistently high yield, it is necessary to pay attention to fertilizing, watering and preventive treatments, because the plant is weakly opposed to diseases and attacks of pests.

More resistant immunity to diseases in Neptune, which has greenish-yellow berries, very sweet to the taste. Medium-sized fruits are formed into a dense bunch, hanging up to 400 grams. The culture is unpretentious in leaving, grows practically on any soils. Maintains frosts to -25 °.

There are a lot of varieties of Kishmish, but the exact number is not indicated in reference books.

Contraindications for use

Apply the beneficial properties of sweet berries is not allowed to all. It is not recommended to use the product to people with the following health problems:

  • stomach ulcer;
  • diabetes;
  • obesity.

Those who are on a diet course for weight loss also cannot include grapes in the diet due to their high calorie content.

Harvesting grape raisin

Application

Grapes Kish Mish found application in various fields of national economy. The main purpose remains for cooking:

  • for the fresh use;
  • raisins;
  • winemaking;
  • preserves and jams;
  • the drinks.

In folk and traditional medicine, the dried product is used to prepare various tinctures. Fresh berries are recommended to be used in the treatment of cardiovascular diseases, in violation of the work of the liver of the kidneys.

Grapes of raisins of different varieties in baskets

In cosmetology, there are many recipes for masks and other products, the action of which is aimed at moisturizing the skin and removing fine wrinkles. The upper layer of the epidermis, enriched with vitamins, is visually tightened, and blood flow through the capillaries is improved.

No less effective are funds based on grapes for nails and hair.

Agrotechnics of sustainable grape sashimish grapes do not contain complicated measures, and plant seedlings take root in virtually all regions, even with unstable climatic conditions. This gives you the opportunity to acquire one of the most appropriate varieties of Kishmish on your site.