Potassium chloride is a fertilizer composition containing a lot of potassium. It is used in agricultural technology in order to replenish nutritional components and stabilize the development of crops. Used together with other fertilizing compounds, combining with nitrogen and phosphate fertilizers, or separately. Today such fertilizer is considered the most demanded among gardeners.
What is potassium chloride
This is a concentrated potassium supplement. Based on the method of production and classification according to the requirements of the standards, the fertilizer can contain from fifty-two to ninety-nine percent of potassium.
Looks in the form of granules or crystals of pinkish, white, gray and even brown shades. Formed in the reaction of potassium hydroxide with hydrochloric acid in the laboratory. In the production of the main raw material is salt, which contains potassium.
Under the conditions of nature, the substance is contained in sylvinite, and can occur in the form of sylvite and carnilit.
Potassium is considered to be the most important component in the nutrition of crops.. It differs from nitrogen and phosphorus in that it is included in the organic composition of the plant. For this reason, fertilizers have to be added to the beds additionally.Potassium chloride closeup in hands
How good is potassium chloride as a fertilizer?
Many plants can survive micronutrient deficiencies, reducing productivity or stopping fruiting., but an insufficient amount of one of the main components causes the death of the culture. This means that in the garden plots, the feeding of the main nutrients should be carried out continuously.
The peculiarity of potassium chloride is that it is contained in minimal quantities almost everywhere and is able to be replenished from natural sources. To be honest, gardeners discovered this fertilizer relatively recently. But it turned out that it represents an excellent support in the garden and has a diverse impact on plants.
is he accelerates the growth and development of root systems, increasing their resistance to frost and drought, activates the formation of shoots, increasing yields, improves the quality of fruits.
Properties and benefits from the application
It is believed that potassium chloride is not necessary to use on fertile soil. But this is not the case - in such areas it is allowed to minimize or not to use nitrogen and phosphorus at all, but the potash fertilizer will definitely be needed. With it you can:
- improve the immune system of plants, prevent many diseases;
- increase frost resistance to perennials;
- help plants to tolerate temperature drops;
- reduce likely dehydration;
- have a positive effect on crop formation, especially for tuber crops;
- increase the appearance of the product and its taste;
- extend the safety of the crop.
Potassium chloride can often create overfeeding plants. In perennial crops, this is expressed in the disease of the root system, the kidneys freezing during the winter period. Annual plants immediately lie down and begin to rot near the root collar.
Fertilizer application in the garden
Potassium chloride in the winter is not made, is used only in the summer. It is used for:
- urgent foliar feeding;
- heavy soil composition during spring digging of beds;
- preparing perennial crops for the winter season;
- seasonal feeding plants, well assimilating this fertilizer composition;
- planting crops that excessively consume potassium chloride.
This fertilizer is recommended to be used on sandy, podzolic, sandy and peaty lands, where good yields can be achieved only by adding nutrients.
Compatibility with other fertilizers
Simultaneous use with lime, chalk or dolomite flour is forbidden. It is allowed to combine fertilizer with ammonium sulphate, manure, ammophos, chicken manure, diammophos.
Immediately before use, the substance is mixed with urea, ammonium, calcium, sodium nitrate, superphosphates.
Storage and Precautions
As follows from the instructions, potassium chloride is a moderately hazardous substance. It has no negative effect on the integrity of the skin, but it prevents the healing of wounds, irritates and may contribute to inflammatory processes.
Therefore, it is recommended to use protective clothing when working with such a fertilizer. covering up open wounds and damage. Combined with air, the substance does not create toxic compounds hazardous to the body. It is not considered flammable and explosive, does not form corrosive processes.
High hygroscopic composition of the composition prescribed to store it in a closed room with low humidity. No precipitation or flooding by groundwater is allowed. On the street, fertilizer is stored in tightly closed containers or in plastic bags. The site should be under a canopy.Potassium chloride earth fertilizer
Experienced gardeners note that the use of potassium chloride is possible even in emergency situations. Signs of its lack in this case are wrapped foliage, brown spots between the veins, drying out.
Proper and timely fertilization will help support the development of crops and the formation of good yields.