This article provides brief information on the use of organic fertilizer such as cattle manure or mullein. Questions will be raised about using fertilizer at home and in the field, the value of mullein, its composition and properties, how to prepare the solution.
Composition and purpose of mullein
As part of the mullein are all nutrient macronutrients that are necessary for the normal development and growth of plants and soil. These elements include potassium, phosphorus and nitrogen. In this case, the nitrogen is in organic form. In addition to these three elements, fertilizer will depend entirely on what fed the cows and how many vitamins they got from food.Korovyak - the natural organic fertilizer received as a result of waste of large animals
Designed to fertilize the soil, enriching it with important elements. All this is necessary for normal growth of plants and various fruit and field crops.
Anyone needs food that contains vitamins and various elements. For normal development and growth. Also, plants need their vitamins for good functioning and benefit for people.
There is also a synthetic mullein, that is, in packs, in case there is no cattle. This fertilizer is called cattle compost.
Mechanism of action
This fertilizer is produced in three consistencies:
Litter implies a mixture of straw, hay, peat with cattle manure. It is used as bedding. Peat in turn serves as a source of ammonium nitrogen, absorbed by plants.Litter mullein
The best and most important elements in soil fertilizer are:
The content of these elements will contribute to good nutrition of the soil. The straw mixture contains potassium and phosphorus, peat, unfortunately, they are not.
Layerless consistency is a kind of suspension, which contains a sufficient amount of ammonium nitrogen. It is this texture that will enrich the soil many times more than the litter, as it contains about 60% of nitrogen.Fresh Litter Mullein
Liquid manure also contains large amounts of potassium and nitrogen, necessary to improve the quality of the soil before planting. This consistency should be diluted.Manure
The mechanism of action of fertilizer is the reproduction of microorganisms, because those elements nourish and give energy to the soil. There is an improvement in the physicochemical properties of the soil. A land structure is created that contributes to the formation of lumps. Lumps are resistant and the plant will grow harmoniously.
Before making it is necessary to withstand at least six months. Then make by technology:
- Direct-flow (farm field)
- Transshipment (farm-burt field)
- Two phase
Depending on the area to which the feeding will be made, its amount will be different. Solid fertilizer on the plot for sowing field plants should be 1 ton. As for liquid manure, it is introduced using two technologies:
- Direct flow (with a distance of transportation up to 3 km)
- Reloading (with a distance of more than 3 km)
Advantages and disadvantages
Disadvantage is only that not everyone has the opportunity to have cattle, the excrement of which is useful for crop production, but for this even there are purchased fertilizers.
Benefits - Milk production + garden fertilizer for planting various plants and field crops, high efficiency, low cost, protection from diseases and harmful organisms.
Instructions for use
Proper preparation of the working solution
Top dressing liquid consistency is prepared in a ratio of 1:10. In a container pour 1 bucket of cow manure and 5 buckets of water. Mix and insist about 3 days. Also add about 500 grams of wood ash, 100 grams of phosphate.
Before making it necessary to water the soil.
Terms and methods of processing plants with the drug
Fertilizer liquid consistency, it is desirable to make the grooves. For fruit crops, they are made wider and deeper. Korovyak contribute about 4 g per square meter. Mineral is used in the dosage of 9/20/4 ammonium nitrate, ammonium sulfate and potassium, respectively. These minerals are the basis for fertilizer, and mullein fertilizer. Their use is necessary in a complex.Liquid mullein fertilizer
Thus, fertilizing is done in advance before adding mineral water, depending on the variety and type of culture.
Safety measures when working with fertilizer
This section will deal with a purchased mullein, as there are substances in it that will burn the plants.
Compatibility with other means
As mentioned above, after fertilizing the soil make mineral water. If you touch the synthetic means, then mullein can interact with:
- Wood ash
Since ash is a source of potassium and phosphorus, it is simultaneously added to the mullein.The effectiveness of ash increases when it is used with manure.
The shell is crushed and soaked in warm water insisting the mixture in the dark for about three days. After that, water the soil with seedlings.
First aid for poisoning
In case of poisoning with a mullein as steam, you should bring the victim to clean air and warm it. If itching is felt, then wash the skin with laundry soap. If pain in the eyes, then you need to wash the eye with tea. Contact a doctor should be in any poisoning.
Storage conditions and shelf life
The storage of the mullein should occur in any pits or individual piles. The most important factor is not allowing the mullein to warm to 60 degrees.
As for the shelf life, as mineral water, and organic, it does not exceed 3 years. Dry synthetic fertilizers are stored for several years, and raw for about 9 months.
In conclusion, it can be noted that mullein used for almost all vegetable, fruit crops, roots, tubers and fruit trees. If you properly use a fertilizer or a tool, without losing the nuances, following the system of use, then no flaws and bad outcomes can be expected.