People began to grow grapes more than six thousand years ago. It comes in two varieties - technical and table. The first group includes varieties that are used for the manufacture of juices and the production of alcoholic beverages - wines and brandies, the second group - table species.
What grapes are called table?
Distinctive features of such grapes - beautiful appearance and high taste. Large sweet clusters are consumed fresh, without treatment. They tolerate transportation. Berries have few seeds, thin skin and "fleshy" pulp. The most popular and elite grape varieties are presented below.
The most popular and best varieties
ArcadiaGrapes grade Arcadia
The result of the crossing of Moldova and the Cardinal, combines the good qualities of their parents. Consumers appreciate large clusters that can reach two kilograms, and gardeners - resistance to low temperatures and high immunity. Juicy light pulp of the berries impresses with sweet sweet taste and nutmeg aroma when fully ripe. This early variety - the leader in yield, if rationed the number of inflorescences, in time to feed the bush. Excess amount of moisture can lead to cracking ripening Arkady berries, so watered with caution, taking into account weather conditions.
DelightGrapes Variety Delight
A variety with very early ripening. The berries are large, with a sophisticated nutmeg taste and thin skin with a waxy coating. The vine can withstand temperatures up to 26 ° C frost, therefore it is allowed to grow in the northern regions. High immunity varieties Delight helps fight fungal diseases and mildew, but you need to process the bush from phylloxera. The yield is high, the fruits can be left on the bush for up to 1.5 months after ripening, while the taste qualities remain excellent.
White kimmishWhite Kishmish grape
Ancient dessert view with an average maturity. The clusters are small. Seedless small oval-shaped berries, juicy, very sweet and not tart. Their skin is thin and transparent. Due to their fragility, fruits are not stored for a long time and have low transportability. After harvesting, they must either be eaten immediately or used to dry the raisins. Dried fruits made from Kishmisha are a tasty and healthy delicacy. The vine is powerful, but the yield is low. Frost resistance is average. Requires protection from pests and diseases. Needs pruning and rationing of the crop.
KeshaGrapes Kesha grade
Superior Delight with beautiful tassels. White berries are sweet, with a slight sourness and 2-3 large bones. Kesha is a medium early variety, very tall, with excellent transportability and frost resistance. It develops well if it has a reserve of perennial wood. Evaluate planting in a sunny place and fertile soil. Moderate watering, thinning of the clusters and regular fertilizing have a beneficial effect on yield.
StrasenskyGrapes grade Strasensky
Handsome man with a black berry, medium early ripening. Fruits are juicy, tasty grapes. Clusters of medium density, high-quality species, usually weigh up to 1 kg. Poor tolerates long-term transportation, average winter hardiness. There is not uniform ripening, so the crop is cut selectively. The load on the bush will decrease, the remaining fruits will gain good sugar. This variety has a low resistance to gray rot and oidium, but it counteracts well phylloxera, mildew and spider mites. Needs pruning, depending on the region of cultivation.
LauraGrapes Laura grade
The dining form of grapes is very early ripening. Amber pulp contains a lot of sugar. Taste is saturated, pleasant, with nutmeg notes. Large beautiful clusters are a distinctive feature of the variety, some champions weighing up to 2.4 kg. Transportability is high, is in demand among buyers and is suitable for beginner winegrowers. It resists mildew and gray rot, withstands temperatures up to 20-23 ° C frost. The variety Laura needs pollination during flowering and medium pruning, with preservation of perennial wood. Bush load optimally, leaving 30% of non-fruiting shoots. This plant has the strength to form a beautiful large brush that will mature in time.
MoldovaGrapes grade Moldova
A time-tested look, the berries are purple with a waxy bloom. Clusters of medium size, fleshy pulp has a simple taste. Maturing dates are late or middle late. Frost resistance is not very high. Requires careful shaping of the bush - vigorous vine does not like thickening. Excellent against fungal diseases and phylloxera, treatment is needed only against oidium. There is an increased sensitivity to calcic chlorosis. It is used for growing on the gazebo, the clusters for a long time retain a decorative look and a pleasant taste on the bush. Well tolerated transportation.
TimurGrapes grade Timur
A hybrid of early ripening. White berries with the flavor of nutmeg, a small amber or slightly brown tan appears in the sun. The brushes are medium sized, dense. The cuttings in the second year after planting produce a small "trial" crop. High frost resistance and resistance to gray rot and mildew. Timur grapes often fall prey to mites. If the leaves "swell" and there is redness, you need to process the grapes with a sulfur-containing drug. Experienced winegrowers praise Timur for ease of cultivation and early ripening. Care is regular watering, fertilizing and pruning.
Lady fingersGrapes grade Lady fingers
Old mid-season variety, which, despite the difficulties in the care, continue to grow many growers. The weight of one brush is about half a kilogram. Berries of a grade Lady fingers of the extended form, with classical harmonious taste and appetizing aroma, without stones. Not resistant to low temperatures, may die already at 10 ° C frost, therefore needs shelter for the winter. Productivity is changeable, depends on weather conditions. The vine is sensitive to diseases and pests, regular treatment with appropriate preparations is necessary. Recommended for cultivation by experienced gardeners.
MascotGrape variety Talisman
Middle-early grapes are yellow-white. Vigorous seedlings resist excellent mildew and gray rot, resistant to low winter temperatures. Ripe grapes on average weigh a little more than a kilogram. The fruits are large, with a nutmeg flavor. Already ripe brushes can hang on a bush for a long time, without losing its taste and preserving its marketable appearance. Transportable variety that does not require shelter for the winter. Record harvest can be achieved with proper farming techniques and additional pollination before flowering.
Grapes - a wonderful gift of nature, a child of the gentle sun and fertile land. Ideal varieties do not exist, but you can always find a species that fits the growing conditions and personal preferences of the gardener.