Today, the owners of country houses are trying to isolate themselves from prying eyes with large fences of various forms. But sometimes a spectacular fence does not have enough money, and a hedge, arranged from this grape plant, comes to the rescue. Maiden or wild grapes easily reproduce, everything can be done on their own. One of the most common breeding methods in the fall is by cuttings.
Ways of breeding girlish grapes
There are enough of them, you can choose the most convenient option. If multiply layeringthen the number of plants increases well, root processes appear that serve as the beginning of other plants.
Patience requires the cultivation of girlish grapes seeds, as it consists of certain actions.
The third type of breeding - use of root scions. They are easily removed from the soil and transplanted to another place.
The fourth method is not difficult. grafting. For him the best spring or autumn season. And material for planting can always be obtained, and it does not require financial expenses.
All that will be needed is to water the cuttings in a timely manner and cover them from sunlight in the daytime.
Rules for the preparation of cuttingsThe cuttings should have a length of 20-30 cm
Deciding to plant the cuttings in the fall, they should be prepared from spring or summerusing sprigs with clearly visible leaves. You can prepare planting material from monotonous shoots - they will be the most healthy.
Thick cuttings are not suitable for planting. Cut off a suitable twig, it should be cleaned from the mustache and stepson processes. Cuts are made a couple of centimeters below the sheet.
The optimal length of the cutting - from twenty to thirty centimeters, it should be at least four formed kidneys.
Selection of cuttings
Material for breeding maiden grapes can be harvested on their own or purchased. When choosing grape seedlings, it is recommended to pay attention to their condition - there should be no mechanical damage on the cuttings.
Buy best well-developed seedlings, without a lump of earth on the roots.For the purchase is best to choose the well-developed seedlings of wild grapes.
The plant does not impose special requirements on the soil composition; it grows almost everywhere. Only from the western direction, small foliage is noted, retaining its shade until the first frost. But if you decide to plant girlish grapes, try to make room for it. south facing.
The soil is prepared in advance - it must have time to condense and gather in itself a sufficient amount of moisture. The earth must be dug deep fifty to seventy centimetersby mixing layers of soil between each other. After this, pits are prepared for disembarkation.
If the place is heavy (black earth or clay), the bottom is covered with rubble, broken bricks, phosphorus and river sand are added to the soil. For sandy loam drainage is not arranged, but will require mineral components, enriched with nitrogen.
Grapes will grow best on sandy terrainwhich perfectly passes air and water. But in such a soil it is necessary to add organic matter:
Planting and rooting
The size of the landing pit should be 50 to 50 centimeters. The depth may be the same, but here it is necessary to consider the size of the root system. The cuttings are buried and poured with four buckets of water so that the plant will begin quickly.
Support plant not required. Grapes grows well on the hedge. With the help of antennae, creepers can climb even over a smooth surface.
But here it must be remembered that a sufficiently adult plant from its own weight can fall to the ground. And if you do not want to lose the picturesque carpet of greenery, then you should consider the installation of support elements.
Pre-harvested material follows to root. To do this, you can use one of the following methods:
- in water. The roots will give a cutting easily, but in the ground they will die out anyway and be replaced by permanent ones. This option is good if there is still time before planting a place allotted for cuttings;
- in the ground. This refers to the planting of cuttings on the place intended for them. It is desirable that it be separated from the rest of the site by a path or curb, so that there is an opportunity to water the place abundantly. First, the growth will be slow, then it will increase when the roots go deeper into the soil by fifty centimeters;
- in containers. The most practical option. The container should have a diameter equal to fifteen centimeters.
Pros and cons of breeding maiden grapes cuttings
The advantages of this breeding method include the following:
- easy preparation of planting material with their own hands;
- the possibility of its acquisition;
- rooting fast seedlings;
- active growth green mass;
- planting cuttings can be performed at any time, before the onset of deep autumn.
As a disadvantage, you can specify the need for the device shelter for cuttings in hot weather, regular irrigation.
The best time to breed
And if the temperature is favorable, the seedling will start to develop early. And there is no need to look for a place to store cuttings, which is also important. The best time to land is September October.The best time for planting seedlings in the ground - September-October
The Green Fence will serve you for decades, forming enough foliage to cover large areas. In the year one liana adds up to four meters in length. This means that the formation of bushes should be addressed immediately, so as not to start the plant.
For grapes, a minimal footing is enough to start capturing the surrounding space. You will only need to carry out adjustments, timely performing pruning bushes.