About the farm

Rules breeding Californian worms

Breeding Californian red worms is a task for even a schoolboy. After all, there are no difficulties in creating optimal conditions for this. Moreover, even cash investments are practically unnecessary. Doing such a business is a very profitable business. And profitability is clearly confirmed. The main thing is to find a reliable market.

The benefits of the Californian worm

California worms have an excellent ability to quickly and efficiently process organic waste.creating a wonderful biohumus. This is a unique fertilizer, which in its composition exceeds even humus. Experts say that almost eight times better than the usual vermicompost humus.

Moreover, biohumus has no odor, so it is recommended to use it not only in the garden and in the garden, but also for feeding indoor plants. Most often, such a complex fertilizer is applied to the soil in the spring. It can be added even in containers with seedlings. The main thing is to stick to proportions. All right, that bounced back.

Best breeding places

For a start, it is important to choose a place where the worms will be bred. This may be a cottage, garage, basement or other domestic premises, similar to the above. You can use any box or container. Although you can dig a hole in the ground. But without fail it is necessary to lay out a cavity with natural material in order to avoid sprawling of individuals.

Californian worms on hand close up

How to breed red worms

There are no significant differences between the raincoat and the Californian worms.. In addition, the latter are more effective in the processing of organic matter. As for their habitats, the red individuals prefer a warmer environment and simply do not tolerate frost.

Unlike rain, Californian species do not creep to the surface during rain. They are more comfortable to stay in the ground (substrate).

Manufacturing and arrangement of chervyatnik

The best place for breeding is considered to be a compost pit (or a pile), crates or lodges.. Nutrition are organic waste. This may be dung, bird droppings, straw, chips, vegetable skin and other organic waste. All collected in a heap and thoroughly moisturize. After a few months, organic matter decomposes and creates good conditions for breeding.

The lower part of the container or the container invented by you must necessarily be able to pass moisture. Because excessive moisture can harm the inhabitants of the soil mixture. This will be the perfect biohumus. With the water passing through the top tray with worms, the biomaterial that improves the substrate will come out.

It is recommended to use natural materials for arrangement of chervyatnik. After all, the main task is to obtain useful biohumus.

The chervyatnik can be any forms and the sizes

Soil preparation

As a mixture, you can use humus, rotten leaves and even cooking waste, in other words, virtually any organic waste. This will create comfort, softness and nutritional value of the resulting habitat. To enrich the mixture with oxygen for the normal decomposition of organic matter, it is important at least once a week to dig up or gently mix the compost.

The substrate must meet the required parameters of acidity, humidity and temperature. This will be discussed further in detail.

Population

In a smaller container with a ready substrate initially you need to run Californian worms. She will act as some kind of pallet. Experts advise on top to cover the pallet with a fabric of increased density. This will keep the heat inside the imaginary capacity.

Californian worms populated in the ground
Before making the settlement of the main part of the family, it is recommended to place a test batch. If after a couple of days all remain alive, you can continue moving.

When at least 10% of the individuals have died, it is worth revisiting the soil mixture. Perhaps she is too sour. To remedy the situation you need to add straw, tops of plants or sawdust to the substrate.

Nutrition

Feed the worms is recommended only after eating the previous portion. Otherwise, you yourself provoke obesity of their wards. They can feed manure, bird droppings, plant tops, paper, cardboard, vegetable skin, straw, hay, sawdust and other organic waste. If you live in your own home, there will never be problems with food.

Food worms should not be neglected. But feed only after the destruction of the previous portion

A special delicacy for these animals are spoiled bakery products, used tea leaves and thick with natural coffee. Do not throw in the compost citrus waste. This can increase the acidity of the mixture. Periodically, it is important to supplement the composition with the ground remains of the eggshell. This procedure will allow you to safely maintain the acid-base balance of the medium.

Care

Optimal maintenance conditions:

  • acidity - 6.5 - 7.5 pH;
  • temperature - 20-25 degrees Celsius above zero;
  • humidity - 70-80%.

California worms are heat-loving spineless animals. For their normal development and reproduction it is necessary to maintain the temperature within 25 degrees Celsius above zero. If the mark on the scale of the thermometer will decrease, they will be worse to eat, and multiply. When reaching 5 degrees of heat, creeping can completely die.

It is important to draw on the water used to water the substrate. It should not be chlorinated, otherwise the living creature will die.

With some frequency compost is worth stirring. This will ensure the access of oxygen to the substrate.

Occasionally, compost in chervyatnik must be agitated.

Wintering

Since these invertebrates are very afraid of the cold, the preparation for the winter should be thorough. It is important to provide the desired temperature for them and to prevent overcooling of the soil mixture.

To do this, fresh compost 20-40 cm thick is placed on the surface of the container. Then everything is plentifully watered and covered with hay or straw with a thick ball of 0.5 m. The uppermost layer can freeze slightly in severe frosts. But it's not scary. For the common substrate where the worms will be located, no problems will be created. With the arrival of spring, the inhabitants of the soil mixture will already eat the tip of the humus. Whereas the lower 2/3 of the total volume of compost will already turn into high-quality biohumus.

Sales features

Since the cost of a single worm is small, you need to reach bulk quantities to get a good profit. Animal stores, agricultural farms, fishing farms and even fishing stores may be interested in this product. Here you need active advertising.

Initially, it is worth selling your goods to friends and neighbors, for example, who go fishing. Well, then look for a customer for larger.

Worm sales must necessarily be wholesale

Profitability

It is extremely beneficial to breed Californian worms.. Since the production itself is almost not expensive. All revenue refers to net.

Practice shows that 1 square. m of the breeding ground will allow you to get about 1-10 thousand individuals and half a ton of biohumus for sale. Given the fact that 1 unit costs around two rubles, you get 20 thousand rubles per hand. The main thing is to find a profitable and permanent place of sale of its products.

Breeding Californian worms in chervyatnik

Breeding errors

  • It is strictly forbidden to use chlorinated water to create compost. Since bleach for worms is considered a terrible trace element. If there is no other water, it should be left to stand for a few days. After that, the chlorine will go away. By the way, rainwater is also suitable. Cheap and angry;
  • Fresh manure should not be added to the compost. In the process of its humus, the temperature can rise to almost 600 degrees Celsius, and the inhabitants of the compost will simply die;
  • old dung is also not suitable. If it has been lying for more than three years, the amount of nutrients will be insufficient for normal growth and reproduction of invertebrates.

In general, it is worth noting that breeding California red worms is easy. In our country, all the conditions and opportunities have been created to do this extensively as an enterprise and earn good money. The main thing is to think about the market and to establish its small production. And how exactly to do this, we have already talked in detail.