In the spring it is difficult to determine the potato variety. There is not enough time, landing time is tight. Summer residents usually buy what special shops offer. The last years, the gala variety is in the top sales, it speaks of its good taste and marketability.
Examine the market in advance. The end of summer and early autumn is the right time to gather information on varietal diversity. Those who want to get an early harvest need to pay attention to the medium early variety with the beautiful name Gala.
Rules for growing varieties of gala
Will consider basic rules of cultivation varieties. The harvest depends on the preparation of seed and soil, irrigation, fertilizing, organized according to a certain pattern.Proper care is the basis for successful growth of the selected variety.
The size of seed potatoes should not exceed the size of a chicken egg. The optimum weight is considered to be 40-50 g of tuber or slightly less. Visually inspected on the tuber should not be damaged and signs of infection.
Tubers are germinated in a room with an air temperature of + 16 ° C. Sprouts in a healthy representative of the variety appear after 3 weeks. A couple of days before planting material for planting warm in the sun, treated with a solution of boric acid (1.5%).
The exact date of planting by dates is difficult to say, since it depends on the specific climatic conditions. Roughly this is the end of April - the first decade of May. The criterion of soil readiness is soil temperature.
As soon as the earth warms to 10 ° at a depth of 10 cm, you can begin to land.
Choosing a place
Landing area should be flat this facilitates uniform watering. Groundwater should be at a depth not exceeding 1.5 m. An important condition is the absence of shade. Gala in the shadows grows bad.Unlike flowers, the chosen culture loves the sun.
It is necessary to observe the crop rotation of vegetable crops. Best predecessors:
Site preparation work
Plowing or digging a plot is the main job of preparing the land for planting. Can be used as tillers, hand cultivators, and shovels.
Fertilizers are added under the digging., consumption is given per square meter. Recommend to make:
- ammonium nitrate (20 g);
- humus (10 kg).
If the soil is sandy, it is weighed down and clay is added instead of humus.
It is easier to name soils that are not suitable for growing a variety, since, judging from the information on the forums, this species is successfully grown in different regions of the country and on different soils. It grows poorly in lowlands and swampy soils.
Sort does not like sour soil. Acidity is very easy to determine. Pour 4 sheets of bird cherry with a glass of boiling water, cool the infusion. Throw a lump of earth at him. Infusion will change color.
|The color of the infusion||Soil acidity|
Experimentally found that for Gala the optimal landing pattern is 75 cm between the holes. The distance is large, due to the large number of tubers in the bush (15 pcs.). Backfill depth - 15 cm.
Summer care for potatoes
Summer care is competent alternation of irrigation, weeding, hilling and fertilizing. Lack of care will certainly affect the harvest.
Scheme of irrigation can be viewed in the table. Watering is required. If it is not possible to organize them due to lack of water or for some other reason, it is worth choosing another variety. Gala requires watering.
|Phase of plant development||Watering during dry weather||Watering in rainy weather|
|emergence of shoots||+|
The rate of watering on one bush - 2 liters.Proper and regular watering is a must for successful cultivation of the variety.
Weeding and loosening
Before the emergence of seedlings loosening combined with weeding. Weeds sprout faster, chopping them with a hoe, at the same time loosen the soil. Loosen the aisles after hilling, rain or watering until the tops are not very high.
First hilling spend when the plant height reaches 15 cm. You can rake all the plant with the leaves. In a few days the stems will increase in length, the leaves will reappear.
Hilling is carried out after rain or watering. If the weather is hot, the soil is hot - early in the morning or late in the evening.
Before closure of the bushes to spend a few hilling with an interval of several weeks. The minimum number of hillocks is 2.Perform the procedure only when the shoots are at least 15 cm tall.
Feeding need combine with hilling. Fertilizers in a dry form to scatter in the aisle, ground up in the soil with a hoe. Fertilize ammonium nitrate in the first hilling, in the second - with complex mineral fertilizer for potatoes.
The main pests and measures to combat them are given in the table.
|Pest name||Pest control measures||Pest Prevention Measures|
|Potato scoop||Lepidocide - in the butterfly phase, Detsis - in the caterpillar phase.||Timely removal of weeds from the field. Larvae live on wheatgrass.|
|Medvedka||Processing plantings with karbofos solution.||Warming up the tubers before planting. Warming up temperature - 40 ° C, duration - 2 h.|
|Wireworm larvae||Traps, organized in the soil, filled with carrots, potatoes.||Digging, liming, weeding.|
Already in August you can dig for current consumption. In the autumn, before mass digging, they cut the tops. This procedure is recommended to carry out necessarily. After it, the skin forms faster and the variety is better stored in winter.
Need to hold test digging 1-2 bush. You can dig if the tubers are peeled; the average diameter of the tuber is about 4 cm.
Optimum storage conditions:
- air temperature within 2-5 ° C;
- air humidity - 80%;
It is possible to store both in bulk, and in a container: bags, boxes.
Selection of gall seed potatoes
Seed variety taken immediately after digging from the harvest of healthy bushes. Sampling is done until all the tubers are piled up in a common pile.
Before the descent of the selected testes into the cellar for storage, they are green. Keep the tubers in the sun for at least 7 days, turn them over several times during this time. The whole tuber should turn green.Tuber greening is a necessary measure before descending of tubers selected for seeding.
Green seed is stored better, less prone to disease.
Tuber Diseases and Damage
Watch the plantation need throughout the summer. It is impossible to exclude the probability of fungal and viral diseases.
Of particular danger is fungal infectionthat spreads through contaminated soil and causes rhizoctoniosis.
Fungus causing late blight, no less dangerous. Infection can make up to 50% of the total crop.
The yield and quantity of seed potatoes are reduced by mixed internal rot. It can be seen on the cut root. Mechanical damage to tubers during digging is the cause of the disease.
Rot is wet and dry, accompanied by a gray or brown patina on the surface.
- Late blight
- Internal rot
Risoctoniosis: symptoms of the disease
The bush is developing poorly, the color of the tops is pale, in the lower part of the stem you can see a bloom of gray. The fungus infects most of the tubers, they lose their presentation, are deformed, covered with growths of black color.
Much of the potato can be affected by the fungus. Crop losses in some cases reach 20%.
Prevention of rhizoctoniosis
European varieties are often astounding. silver scab (rhizoctoniosis). Seeds can be processed before planting with biological or chemical preparations:
Treatment of diseased plants
If upon inspection of the bushes there are signs of a fungal disease, it is necessary to process the bushes with a fungicide at least 3 times. Observe the interval between treatments - 7 days.
Recommend to use fungicide Baktofit. For 1 bucket of water enough 30 ml of funds. The treatment is carried out on an overcast day or in the evening.
The entire above-ground part of the bush withers and perishes, the flesh of the tubers becomes soft, they lose their natural color, turn brown. For the treatment of a diseased plant use the drug arceride.
The first spraying to hold during the active flowering of Gala. On a bucket of water will need 50 g of funds. The third, last treatment, is carried out 20 days before harvesting potatoes.
Viral Disease - Leaf Curl
Provokes the spread of the disease hot, dry weather. A symptom of the disease - twisted leaves at the bottom of the bush. If you do not carry out treatment, the bush will die.
Triple spraying helps to stop the disease. The interval between treatments 15 days. Recommended drug - Baktofit. If the effect of the treatments is not, remove the bush.
Lyudmila (Rostov region)
"The climate in our area is unpredictable, but Gala does not fail, soot that year. I buy seeds of variety 1. We germinate 2-3 weeks in shallow boxes. I plant according to the scheme 25 × 60 cm. I use a shovel.
In the hole I throw a handful of humus on a tuber a tablespoon of ash. Soot very early as soon as the earth warms up. Hurry up, so that before the onset of heat the tubers have time to start. Bucket digging from 4 bushes.
Usually in one nest up to 15 potatoes. I do not use fertilizers, but I am always happy with the harvest. "
"I do not cultivate potatoes, I prefer to buy them in the fall and lower them to the cellar for winter consumption. I like the Potato Gala to taste and the appearance of the fruit.
Lies well, spoils a little. When cooking does not crumble. It is pleasant to peel, the peel is clean, the eyes are small, no need to cut. "
This species belongs to the group of middle-early varieties (the growing season from 60 to 80 days). The plant is erect, bushes of medium height, the leaves are large, green, wavy on the edge. The flowers are white. Early flowering.
The German breeding system is structured in such a way that it satisfies state interests and seed needs of the private sector. About 35 German enterprises specialize in potato growing.
New varieties of potatoes pass the strictest selection, only then a license is issued for the variety. Potato Gala - the best development of German breeders. In the Russian State Register, the variety Gala is listed in 2008, recommended for use in the regions:
Varietal features Potato Gala determine the following characteristics:
- the form;
- skin color;
- the color of the pulp;
- growing season;
Characteristics of the variety Gala are given in the table.
|Potato characteristics||Potato Gala, values of characteristics|
|color of pulp||yellow|
|growing season||70 days|
|Yield (t / ha)||4|
Advantages and disadvantages
The table of advantages and disadvantages of the variety Gala allows to make a comparison, facilitates the selection.
|Dignity of Potato Gala||Disadvantages of Potato Gala|
|high marketability of tubers (90-97%)||poorly tolerated drought|
|high yield (4 t / ha)|
|low starch content (12%)||weak immunity to rhizoctoniosis|
|disease resistant: cancer, common scab|
|can be grown on any soil|
|grows in any climate|
Fans of gardening are constantly experimenting. Use unusual means for the care of plants. Many recipes relate to potatoes. Some can be tested in their garden for potato Gala.
Top Seed Potatoes
The essence of the method - top dressing potato gala at the stage of germination.
For the experiment will need:
- water (10 l);
- superphosphate (2 tbsp. l);
- urea (2 tbsp. l);
- copper sulphate (1 tsp);
- boric acid (1 tsp).
- Superphosphate and other components are easy to buy in the store
- Copper sulfate
- Boric acid
The result of such germination is white shaped roots, emergence of shoots in several days after landing. The specified amount of fertilizer is designed for processing 50 kg of potato gala.
In the autumn, the area where the Gala potatoes will be planted in the spring will be sown with rye. Shoots appear quickly, with their greenery they will decorate the autumn garden. Close up in the ground is not necessary, in winter the stubble will delay the snow.
In the beginning of April to plow a plot. For 3-4 weeks, the remnants of rye perepreyut, it will be possible to plant potatoes Gala.
pros from sowing rye:
- rye roots loosen the earth;
- it is a complete organic fertilizer, it fertilizes the soil no worse than manure;
- destroys weeds (even wheat grass);
- kills pathogens.
Simple rules of planting and care, carried out in the right time, strict adherence to crop rotation, healthy seed - what is needed to get a good harvest of gala potatoes.