A promising variety for home gardens, the Skarb potato is considered a worthy example of modern breeding. Variety combines unpretentiousness during storage, good taste characteristics, but needs attention when planting and processing.
Secrets of successful cultivation and basic care activities
Growing potatoes Skarb does not involve special difficulties, and with proper fit and proper care, the results will live up to expectations.This variety is considered easy to maintain.
Agrotechnical methods for growing vegetables
To grow potato bushes, which will give a generous harvest of decent quality, you need to be responsible for the cultivation of vegetables.
Selection of planting site and soil preparation
When choosing a plot for potato beds, you should give preference for small slopesgoing south or southwest. So on this place the lighting will be properly organized, and the moisture will not stagnate.
Potatoes like light sandy or loamy soil. It grows well in black soil and peat. It is important to bear in mind that it will not bear fruit in a heavy substrate in which moisture stagnates.
Preparation of tubers for planting
To get a great harvest should be prepared for planting seed. To do this, it is necessary to warm medium-sized tubers in the sun, plant trees and plants.
It is important that the sprouts be no longer than 3.5 cm. Also, the tubers do not tolerate cutting, so only one-piece material should be planted.This variety is only accepted for planting with a whole tuber.
Preparing the soil for planting and placement of tubers
The planting pattern depends on the fertility of the soil and the mass of tubers prepared for planting. Tubers weighing 50-80 g should be planted according to the scheme 60 x 35 cm. Cabbage, grains and legumes are considered good predecessors for vegetables. It is not advisable to plant a crop in place of tomatoes.
The main stages of landing
- Make trenches or dig shallow holes in accordance with the selected scheme - approximately 8-10 cm. For uniform illumination of landings throughout the day row direction must be from north to south.
- Equip each seat with organic fertilizer, which can be ash, humus, onion peel, and crushed egg shells.
- Tubers put sprouts up and cover with a layer of soil, the thickness of which should not exceed 5 cm.
Complex care activities
To get good harvests of this crop will allow only the right care for potatoes, including following actions.Crop success depends on compliance
Watering and loosening
Compliance with irrigation norms is the key to obtaining a qualitative and quantitative harvest.
Norms and terms of watering
|When the weather is cloudy||every 10 days||15l per 1m2|
|On sunny, dry days||every 3 to 5 days|
A few weeks before cleaning potato watering stop.
It is impossible to fully care for the plant without conducting weeds that need to be combined with loosening. This procedure is carried out regularly, so as not to form a crust.
With proper and timely hilling, you can increase yields by 30%. This procedure involves Powder lower bushes plants are soft and loosened soil, making it possible for the root system to multiply.
This will increase the mass of overgrown roots, which will give more moisture and nutrients, which will accelerate growth and maturation.
Perform this procedure should be early in the morning or late in the evening, three times per season, namely:
- when the seedling height reaches 10-15 cm, which will help protect against freezing frost and get rid of weeds;
- during flowering, because at this moment small nodules form on the stolons, which will increase significantly if you pour the ground;
- when the potatoes grow up, you need to pour the soil to the bushes, where it crumbled or was washed away by rain.
The introduction of nutrients
In order to improve the growth and development of potato bushes, it should be sufficiently provided with all nutrients. To this end, fertilizers are added using organic and mineral products that will help accelerate growth, intensify flowering and quickly form tubers in the bushes.
Diseases and pests of potatoes
The invasion of pests and diseases reduces the yield, and degrades product quality. To prevent this, you should regularly carry out preventive procedures aimed at protecting plants from damage and diseases.
- Colorado beetle
Dwelling in soil affects roots and tubers plants. Its larvae pass through the tuber, making moves, thereby often provoking decay. Due to the bright color, the larvae are easily detected when digging up the soil.
A well-known striped pest that feeds on leaves and young shoots, and when it eats all the greens, proceeds to the tubers. The beetle is particularly dangerous at the time of flowering, when the plant forms tubers, and if you do not carry out prevention, you can lose up to half of the crop.
The fight against this parasite is in collecting it with the subsequent destruction. With widespread beetle should be processed using chemicals.
Capable of infecting the stem, leaves and tubers of a plant. When wet weather at the time of flowering leaves are covered with gray or dark brown spots. When a disease is detected, the tops should be cut off and the bushes sprayed with chemical agents.
- Late blight
Bacterial disease causing serious damage to the culture. The development of the disease begins at the time of the growing season and in the process of preserving vegetables. Signs are yellowing and twisting of the apical leaves, and rotting of the base of the shoots.
In order to prevent the need burn the affected bushes, do not plant the crop in one place more than once in three years, and dry the crop before storage. The main control measures consist in treating the bushes with special solutions or sprinkling them with ash.
Harvesting and storage rules
For long-term preservation of potatoes, harvesting is essential, which must be carried out competently and in a timely manner. Harvesting while providing the necessary care takes place at the end of August - beginning of September.
For digging you need choose a dry warm day. In the process of digging, ensure that the tubers do not receive mechanical damage, since their presence significantly reduces the safety of potatoes.
Copies with the slightest suspicion of the disease should be immediately removed from the site.Even relatively painful tubers should be removed from the digging area.
After harvesting, prepare the tubers for the tab in the following procedure:
- dug vegetables scatter for a couple of hours in the sun, under the action of ultraviolet light, part of fungal and bacterial infections will be destroyed;
- chill the ground with potatoes, and sort them into fractions: large specimens for food purposes, medium for breeding, small fodder for poultry or livestock in private households;
- sorted vegetables placed for two weeks in a dry utility room;
- dried, put the potatoes in storage containers.
There should not be daylight and long-term artificial lighting in the storage, in order to avoid the production of poisonous substance in vegetables - solanine.
Biological description and characteristics of the variety
Culture belongs to the varieties of the average period of maturation.The variety is popular among growers for its keeping quality.
Description of the potato variety Skarb
According to the description - a plant of medium height, intermediate type. The bushes are decorated with dark green leaves with an oval slightly elongated shape without wavy edges and a white corolla of medium size.
Large tubers have a yellowish tint and oval rounded shape. The flesh is tender, uniform, colored in rich yellow color. Light golden skin is smooth and even. Small eyes are evenly and shallowly.
General characteristics of varieties of vegetables
The ripening period from the moment of emergence to harvesting is 80-95 days. On one plant can range from 12 to 18 tubers.
The main parameters of the potato Skarb
|Average / maximum yield||250-410 / 500ts / ha|
|Mass of one tuber||90-140g|
Tubers are characterized by good keeping quality. The basis of their preservation is the biological peculiarity to enter into a state of rest after harvesting, the duration of which is 110-120 days.The variety is not the most productive - brings from a bush within 20 tubers
Tastes of the product
Table grade, belongs to the culinary type B. This means that the product is universal. Characterized by the following features:
- slightly boiled soft;
- moderately dense consistency;
- slightly mealy (starch content is not more than 17%);
- moderately watery.
Brief history of Skarb
Sort received in 1997 Belarusian breeders and successfully cultivated in different climatic regions. Since 2002, the variety is included in the State Register of the Russian Federation.
Translated from the Belarusian language means treasure or treasure. And indeed, the ideal taste and good yield makes this variety of culture a real wealth and a find for every gardener.A good sign for consumers are high taste Skarba
The main advantages and disadvantages of the variety
When describing a variety, it is important to identify a number of advantages due to which culture deserves its place in the garden:
- high yields;
- perfect taste;
- undemanding to growing conditions;
- ability for long storage without loss of commercial properties;
In addition to the positive characteristics, it is important to note and limitations, namely:
- prone to late blight leaves;
- susceptibility to the invasion of wireworms and Colorado beetles;
- reacts poorly to overmoistening of the soil at an early stage of development.
Skarb potato is a favorite of many vegetable growers, as it pleases with its excellent qualities of taste, which makes it a popular and popular product in the preparation of culinary masterpieces. Observing, all agrotechnical methods for the construction and instructions for care, you can collect a rich harvest of healthy vegetables.