Bull's heart is a medium late tomato variety. It was developed by the breeders of the Agrofirm Poisk LLC. In 2003, it was entered into the State Register of the Russian Federation. Tomatoes are planted in greenhouses, and just at the dacha. Tall bushes need to tie up and remove stepchildren. Consider a full description and description of the variety.
Variety Description Bull Heart
Bushes high (1.4-1.8 m), strong. Tomatoes attributed to the giantssince the mass of one fruit can be more than 600 g. However, tomatoes weighing 100 g can grow on the same bush and the fruits are giants.The peculiarity of the variety is that one bush can produce fruits of different sizes.
The largest tomatoes grow on the first inflorescences, then they become smaller. The fruits have an irregular shape, similar to the shape of the heart.
Tomatoes taste sweet with a little sourness. Ripe tomatoes are not stored for a long time, they are 10-16 days.
Varieties: pink, yellow, white
Difference of the Bull heart from other varieties - the variety is divided into subspecies having various colors. In addition to the traditional red fruits (red bullish heart) there are:
- Pinkamong them, the most famous subspecies of the Bull Heart, which are called: King London, Abakansky.
- Maroon - they grow in shaded areas.
- Black - tomatoes get this shade when they are planted in the sunlit places; the Black Heart Brad subspecies is the most common.
- Yellow (can be confused with orange), the yellow giant Brown is most widely known.
- WhitesThis subspecies is very rare and it is practically not grown in Russia.
- Scarlet Red
- The black
All these subspecies begin to bear fruit at the same time after the first shoots appear, in 120-140 days, they have a similar taste.
Disease and Pest Resistance
This type of tomato is pretty resistant to diseases and pests, and especially to late blight.
Agrotechnics cultivation varieties
Tomato seed sowing
Seeds sown from March 1.
First, pour 2/3 of water into a polyethylene bag. After put the package in the freezer. When water turns to ice, then remove the bag, place the ice in a container and defrost to room temperature. Next, pour the seeds into this water. Leave for 12 hours.
Then make a weak solution of potassium permanganate, dissolving 1 g in half a glass of water. Place the seeds there for 45 minutes. Then rinse them.
Plant seeds in plastic containers. Place the purchased soil for growing tomatoes with a layer of 3 cm. Pour the soil, put the seeds with tweezers. Indent between seeds 2-3 cm.
Next, pencil carefully push them into the soil by 1-2 cm. Sprinkle with earth on top. Cover with glass or plastic and place in a warm room. Constantly moisten the earth.
When the first shoots appear, remove the glass, thin the seedlings. Put the container on the windowsill.
You can begin to harden shoots. Periodically place a container with seeds on the loggia for a few hours, where the air temperature is + 8-12 ° C. After carry back to the room.
When there will be 2-3 sheets, dive seedlingsSeat it in separate plastic cups, placing 1-2 pieces in each.
Step by step order of cultivation in the greenhouse
When the seedlings reach a height of 20-25 cm, it is transplanted into a greenhouse. This is done in early May.
The place for the greenhouse is chosen beautifully lit. In the greenhouse one wall should be raised or windows should be opened, since the greenhouse must be aired frequently.The recommended distance between the beds - one meter
Is required walk freely between beds. Tomato seedlings Bull heart is planted, keeping a distance of 1 m between them. Dig holes to a depth of 12-15 cm. Pour a little humus into each well.
Care in the greenhouse for tomato
For the proper formation of culture, you must comply with the conditions. The air temperature in the greenhouse should be 20-22 ° C. If the sun is shining, then just plant the plants a little pritenite. You can put mulch between the rows.
Until tomatoes take root and grow, they are not watered. After they begin to water once a week. Poured 5 each-7 liters per 1 m². As tomatoes grow, the amount of water increases to 12 liters per 1 m². and in case of heat and fruit ripening - up to 15 liters.
Watered necessarily early in the morning or late in the evening. Water must be defended. Water under the root so that moisture does not fall on the leaves and stems.Tomato is demanding on the amount of moisture, especially during hot seasons.
In the spring every day a greenhouse is ventilated, opening the vents. When the heat comes, the windows open on ¼. Air until the time the moisture dries.
Pollinated by hand, taking a brush and transferring pollen from a flower to a flower. Do it in the morning at a temperature of 24-25 ° C and a humidity of 70%.
Forming a bush
Bushes form in 1 stalk. Tie up the bushes 7 days after planting young seedlings in the greenhouse. You can leave the lowest stepson, and cut off the rest when they appear.
When 7-8 fruit brushes grow, pinch the top of the stem.
During the season the plants feed 3-4 times. Mineral fertilizers use in early spring and no later than 2 months before picking vegetables.
Top dressing with organic:
- The first time fertilized in 2-3 weeks after placing the seedlings in the greenhouse earth. Make a solution, pouring into a ten-liter bucket of water - 0.5 liters of manure, 1 tbsp. Spoons nitrofoski.
- A second time after another 10 days dissolve 1 part of chicken manure in 15 parts of water.
- The third time - dissolve 1 part of mullein in 10 parts of water.
Pour approximately 1 liter of solution into the bush.
Step-by-step order of cultivation in open ground
The soil is prepared in the fall, scatter 4 kg of manure per 1 m² and dig, simultaneously removing weeds. In the spring, 4 kg of rotted manure are again poured on the ground, 1 tbsp. spoon of potassium chloride, 5 tbsp. spoons of superphosphate per 1 m² and dig.
In the ground seedlings are placed in early June. Seedlings before planting are advised to sprinkle with a solution of 30 g (90%) of copper oxychloride and a ten-liter bucket of water.
First time feed up in 10-11 days after placing the seedlings on the garden plot. Take 1 kg of manure, diluted in 10 liters of water. When feeding should be at the same time water the plants.
It is best to pour a layer of 5 cm thick pine needles, sawdust or straw onto the ground after the first feeding.
Second time fed 10 days after the appearance of the ovaries 1.5 cm in diameter. Prepare a solution of 1 kg of manure, 1 tbsp. spoons of Kemira Universal and ten-liter bucket of water. Under a bush poured 2 liters.
- Kemira Universal
- Pine Needle Mulch
- Straw mulch
Water only at the root, it is unacceptable that the water fell on the leaves and stems. If the weather is cool, water twice a week, with heat watered more often. Watered early in the morning with distilled water having a temperature of + 24-26 Сº.
At the edges of the beds near each row, drive in 3 m long stakes so that 0.5 m of stakes are underground. Then, at a height of 30 cm from the soil level, stretch the nylon cord, then tie the stalks of tomatoes to it.
When the seedlings still grow, stretch the cord already at a height of 60 cm and tie the bushes and so on.Regular garter of the bushes will help to shape them correctly.
Although Tomatoes are Bull Heart and meticulous care required, but as a result, giant-sized tomatoes with a wonderful dessert taste are grown, very sweet.